Charlie's Blog: November 2016

11.27.2016

St. John Vianney on Sin


It is sin that makes us afraid of death.
ST. JOHN VIANNEY

SIN IS the executioner of the good God, and the assassin of the soul. It snatches us away from Heaven to precipitate us into Hell. And we love it! What folly! If we thought seriously about it, we should have such a lively horror of sin that we could not commit it. my children, how ungrateful we are! The good God wishes to make us happy; that is very certain; He gave us His Law for no other end. The Law of God is great; it is broad. King David said that he found his delight in it, and that it was a treasure more precious to him than the greatest riches. He said also that he walked well, because he had sought after the Commandments of the Lord. The good God wishes, then, to make us happy, and we do not wish to be so. We turn away from Him, and give ourselves to the devil! We fly from our Friend, and we seek after our murderer! We commit sin; we plunge ourselves into the mire. Once sunk in this mire, we know not how to get out. If our fortune were in the case, we should soon find out how to get out of the difficulty; but because it only concerns our soul, we stay where we are. We come to confession quite preoccupied with the shame that we shall feel. We accuse ourselves with hot air. It is said that many confess, and few are converted. I believe it is so, my children, because few confess with tears of repentance. See, the misfortune is, that people do not reflect. If one said to tliose who work on Sundays, to a young person who had been dancing for two or three hours, to a man coming out of an alehouse drunk, "What have you been doing? You have been crucifying Our Lord! " they would be quite astonished, because they do not think of it. My children, if we thought of it, we should be seized with horror; it would be impossible for us to do evil. For what has the good God done to us that we should grieve Him thus, and put Him to death again -- Him, who has redeemed us from Hell? It would be well if all sinners, when they are going to their guilty pleasures, could, like St. Peter, meet Our Lord on the way, who would say to them, "I am going to that place where you are going yourself, to be there crucified again." Perhaps that might make them reflect.



The saints understood how great an outrage sin is against God. Some of them passed their lives in weeping for their sins. St. Peter wept all his life; he was still weeping at his death. St. Bernard used to say, "Lord! Lord! It is I who fastened You to the Cross! " By sin we despise the good God, we crucify the good God! What a pity it is to lose our souls, which have cost Our Lord so many sufferings! What harm has Our Lord done us, that we should treat Him so? If the poor lost souls could come back to the earth! if they were in our place! Oh, how senseless we are! the good God calls us to Him, and we fly from Him! He wishes to make us happy, and we will not have His happiness. He commands us to love Him, and we give our hearts to the devil. We employ in ruining ourselves the time He gives us to save our souls. We make war upon Him with the means He gave us to serve Him.

When we offend the good God, if we were to look at our crucifix, we should hear Our Lord saying to us in the depths of our soul, "Will you too, then, take the side of My enemies? Will you crucify Me again?" Cast your eyes on Our Lord fastened to the Cross, and say to yourself, "That is what it cost my Savior to repair the injury my sins have done to God! " A God coming down to earth to be the victim of our sins, a God suffering, a God dying, a God enduring every torment, because He would bear the weight of our crimes! At the sight of the Cross, let us understand the malice of sin, and the hatred we ought to feel for it. Let us enter into ourselves; let us see what we can do to make amends for our poor life.

"What a pity it is! " the good God will say to us at our death; "why have you offended Me -- Me, who loved you so much?" To offend the good God, who has never done us anything but good; to please the devil, who can never do us anything but evil! What folly! Is it not real folly to choose to make ourselves worthy of Hell by attaching ourselves to the devil when we might taste the joys of Heaven, even in this life, by uniting ourselves to God by love? One cannot understand this folly; it cannot be enough lamented. Poor sinners seem as if they could not wait for the sentence which will condemn them to the society of the devils; they condemn themselves to it. There is a sort of foretaste in this life of Paradise, of Hell, and of Purgatory. Purgatory is in those souls that are not dead to themselves; Hell is in the heart of the impious; Paradise in that of the perfect, who are closely united to Our Lord.

He who lives in sin takes up the habits and the appearance of the beasts. The beast, which has not reason, knows nothing but its appetites. So the man who makes himself like the beasts loses his reason, and lets himself be guided by the inclinations of his body. He takes his pleasure in good eating and drinking, and in enjoying the vanities of the world, which pass away like the wind. I pity the poor wretches who run after that wind; they gain very little, they give a great deal for very little profit -- they give their eternity for the miserable smoke of the world.

My children, how sad it is! when a soul is in a state of sin, it may die in that state; and even now, whatever it can do is without merit before God. That is the reason why the devil is so pleased when a soul is in sin, and perseveres in it, because he thinks that it is working for him, and if it were to die he would have possession of it. When we are in sin, our soul is all diseased, all rotten; it is pitiful. The thought that the good God sees it ought to make it enter into itself. And then, what pleasure is there in sin? None at all. We have frightful dreams that the devil is carrying us away, that we are falling over precipices. Put yourself on good terms with God; have recourse to the Sacrament of Penance; you will sleep as quietly as an angel. You will be glad to waken in the night, to pray to God; you will have nothing but thanksgivings on your lips; you will rise I towards Heaven with great facility, as an eagle soars through the air.

See, my children, how sin degrades man; of an angel created to love God, it makes a demon who will curse Him for eternity. Ah! if Adam, our first father, had not sinned, and if we did not sin every day, how happy we should be! we should be as happy as the saints in Heaven. There would be no more unhappy people on the earth. Oh, how beautiful it would be! In fact, my children, it is sin that brings upon us all calamities, all scourges, war, famine, pestilence, earthquakes, fires, frost, hail, storms -- all that afflicts us, all that makes us miserable. See, my children, a person who is in a state of sin is always sad. Whatever he does, he is weary and disgusted with everything; while he who is at peace with God is always happy, always joyous Oh, beautiful life! Oh, beautiful death!

My children, we are afraid of death; I can well believe it. It is sin that makes us afraid of death; it is sin that renders death frightful, formidable; it is sin that terrifies the wicked at the hour of the fearful passage. Alas! God! there is reason enough to be terrified, to think that one is accursed -- accursed of God! It makes one tremble. Accursed of God! and why? for what do men expose themselves to be accursed of God? For a blasphemy, for a bad thought, for a bottle of wine, for two minutes of pleasure! For two minutes of pleasure to lose God, one's soul. Heaven forever! We shall see going up to Heaven, in body and soul, that father, that mother, that sister, that neighbor, who were here with us, with whom we have lived, but whom we have not imitated; while we shall go down body and soul to burn in Hell. The devils will rush to overwhelm us. All the devils whose advice we followed will come to torment us.

My children, if you saw a man prepare a great pile of wood, heaping up sticks one upon another, and when you asked him what he was doing, he were to answer you, "I am preparing the fire that is to bum me," what would you think? And if you saw this same man set fire to the pile, and when it was lighted throw himself upon it, what would you say? This is what we do when we commit sin. It is not God who casts us into Hell; we cast ourselves into it by our sins. The lost souls will say, "I have lost God, my soul, and Heaven; it is through my fault, through my fault, through my most grievous fault! " He will raise himself out of the fire only to fall back into it. He will always feel the desire of rising because he was created for God, the greatest, the highest of beings, the Most High ... as a bird shut up in a room flies to the ceiling, and falls down again, the justice of God is the ceiling which keeps down the lost.

There is no need to prove the existence of Hell. Our Lord Himself speaks of it, when He relates the history of the wicked rich man who cried out, "Lazarus! Lazarus! " We know very well that there is a Hell, but we live as if there were not; we sell our souls for a few pieces of money. We put off our conversion till the hour of death; but who can assure us that we shall have time or strength at that formidable moment, which has been feared by all the saints -- when Hell will gather itself up for a last assault upon us, seeing that it is the decisive moment? There are many people who lose the faith, and never see Hell till they enter it. The Sacraments are administered to them; but ask them if they have committed such a sin, and they will answer you, "Oh! settle that as you please."

Some people offend the good God every moment; their heart is an anthill of sins: it is like a spoiled piece of meat, half-eaten by worms No, indeed; if sinners were to think of eternity -- of that terrible forever -- they would be converted instantly.

11.25.2016

VIDEO--Whiplash


There are no two words in the English language more harmful than good job.
TERENCE FLETCHER (J.K. SIMMONS)

Whiplash is about jazz and drumming. It probably helps to have a love for music and some knowledge of it to appreciate this film. But this movie isn't about music. It is about excellence and the sacrifice and suffering it takes to achieve that excellence. It also provokes a question. Is that excellence worth all that sacrifice and suffering?

J.K. Simmons plays jazz band conductor Terence Fletcher who teaches at the Shaffer Conservatory. Miles Teller plays  Andrew Neiman, a student at the conservatory who is a drummer with ambitions of becoming the next Buddy Rich. That ambition carries him into the clutches of Fletcher who is nothing short of a monster. Simmons would win the Oscar for best supporting actor playing the utterly sadistic Fletcher.

Fletcher drives Neiman to his emotional and even physical breaking points, and Neiman takes it until he can take it no more. Fletcher is a nutjob, but Neiman is one, too. They are paired in a monomania to be the best in a musical genre no one really cares to listen to much anymore.


This monomania costs both of them. Fletcher ends up losing his job at Shaffer. Neiman ends up being expelled after assaulting Fletcher in a violent breakdown. Neiman winds up working in a restaurant and trying to get into a regular college while Fletcher goes on to performing with his own band. The two meet again and play again, and the movie ends on a triumphant but bittersweet note.

I enjoyed the movie immensely, and I recommend it highly. It is superbly acted and thought provoking. Critics will claim that excellence does not demand the sadism of the Fletcher character, and I am inclined to agree. But it does demand discipline, strictness, practice, and sacrifice. We live in a time when the stern taskmasters such as Fletcher have been driven out, and the snowflakes of today have their way. The result is a high degree of mediocrity in many fields of endeavor.

J. K. Simmons channels many characters we have seen before such as John Houseman's Kingsfield in The Paper Chase or Lou Gossett in An Officer and a Gentleman. The stern teacher and the student/apprentice is a well worn archetype in the world of stories. But Simmons takes it over the edge. As such, he is more like the drill instructor from Full Metal Jacket. His belief is that excellence takes more than just mere dedication. It takes madness.


Good teachers should embody wisdom not savagery. While watching Simmons's performance, I couldn't help of thinking about notorious basketball coach Bobby Knight who pushes his players in the same sadistic way. He has victories and has produced excellent players on the college level. But Dean Smith and Mike Krzyzewski have been more spectacular in their coaching careers without making complete asses out of themselves.

Regardless of whether your teacher is wise or sadistic, excellence still requires a high degree of dedication to the exclusion of other things. This is captured best in the film with the short and doomed relationship that Neiman has with Nicole, a girl he meets working the concessions at a movie theater. You can tell he is smitten with the girl, but then he dumps her for his drumming. When he tries later to reconnect with her, he learns she has a new boyfriend. His opportunity with her is lost as he has sacrificed everything to be the best.

Does excellence require this level of sacrifice? Unfortunately, I believe it does. I agree with Mencken when he said that he didn't think Beethoven and Goethe were any good at billiards or golf. In my experience, the people who are the best at a thing combine great talent with unrelenting work ethic and dedication to their field of endeavor. This field of endeavor is always singular. The result is a human being with a high degree of excellence in that one thing and virtually nothing else including personal relationships.


Should a person make such sacrifices? I don't think so. I appreciate the people who make these sacrifices because they do bring special things into this world. But I can never ask or expect anyone to sacrifice their humanity and even their souls to be good at playing a musical instrument or moving a ball or a hockey puck through space.

Excellence requires intensity and focus. This is the message of hyperspecialization. I have never cared for specialization. I don't have the defects that would make me excellent in a singular endeavor and that includes writing. I like being married. I like variety. I like being able to talk about many things. I like having a life. And, that is the good thing I take from this film. I am not the best at anything or even particularly good at anything. I am and was unwilling to make those sacrifices, and I can live with that. I can live to be rich and sober at 90 and be forgotten by the world. I would rather have that than the short and spectacular life of a famous lunatic. And that, my friends, is the lesson to take away from this spectacular movie. Everything comes at a cost. If you're going to sacrifice everything for something, that something better be worth that sacrifice. Otherwise, be content with being a humble nobody.

11.24.2016

Thanksgiving Day Reflections


As Jesus continued his journey to Jerusalem,
he traveled through Samaria and Galilee.
As he was entering a village, ten persons with leprosy met him.
They stood at a distance from him and raised their voices, saying,
“Jesus, Master! Have pity on us!”
And when he saw them, he said,
“Go show yourselves to the priests.”
As they were going they were cleansed. 
And one of them, realizing he had been healed,
returned, glorifying God in a loud voice;
and he fell at the feet of Jesus and thanked him. 
He was a Samaritan.
Jesus said in reply,
“Ten were cleansed, were they not?
Where are the other nine? 
Has none but this foreigner returned to give thanks to God?” 
Then he said to him, “Stand up and go;
your faith has saved you.”
LUKE 17:11-19

The story of the ten lepers is a famous story of ingratitude. One was grateful. Nine could give a damn that God had healed them. It is easy to cast our stones at those nine lepers for their ingratitude, yet most of us are no different. God blesses us in many ways, yet we could give a damn.

I always think of the nine lepers and the one grateful leper at the end of each Mass. I have made it a practice to get on my knees at the conclusion of each Mass and thank God for his immense goodness to my wife and me. I also conclude each day by thanking God for that day even if the day was lousy. I know everything is for my good and for the good of all those who love the Lord. We don't always see that goodness in the present, but we will later at His return.


I am grateful to God for many things. I am grateful for the woman He put in my life who took pity on me and loved me. Through her, He reached me and still continues to teach me and bless me. No amount of wealth or power can compare to the treasure of having a good wife. There is nothing in this world I would take for her. And I thank her for loving me so much.


I am grateful to Our Lady for her blessed intercession for me. Her prayers for me are what brought me out of the abyss of atheism and nihilism. Her prayers continue to assist me as I grow in grace. I am grateful for the intercession of all the saints and holy souls who pray for me each day. Thank you so much.

I am grateful for all my brothers and sisters in the Lord who have prayed for me, taught me, and assisted me in so many ways. Whether they were Catholic and Protestant, they have demonstrated to me that true faith is exemplified in charity. Thank you so much for all that you have done for me.

I am grateful that I live in the United States of America. I don't think our country is in the best shape at the moment, but I still think it is the greatest place to live on this globe. I thank God that I am an American. May God continue to bless us.

Finally, I am most grateful to God Almighty. God was good to me when I was not good to Him. I think of all the countless ways that I have offended Him in all my thoughts, words, and deeds, and I thank Him for forgiving me and showing me the error of my ways. I thank Him for not just the good times but also the trials and sufferings I have endured. Through them, God has blessed me in many ways. I thank you, Lord, for not giving me what I deserve and for giving me what I did not deserve. Your grace and mercy are a wonder to me.

I am the tenth leper. Everything I have and am that is good is because of God. I fail in many ways, but I will not fail in my gratitude. I could not heal myself. God healed me. He sustains me. I have faith that He will perfect me. For that, I will praise Him and thank Him forever.

11.20.2016

Random Thoughts on Various Subjects 31


Plan to be spontaneous tomorrow.
STEVEN WRIGHT

1. THE EMPIRE STRIKES BACK

The Left and the snowflakes just can't get over their electoral defeat. We have protests and violence towards Trump supporters. Then, the audience and cast of Hamilton make complete asses out of themselves by booing and calling out VP-elect Mike Pence at one of their shows. Now, Facebook, Twitter, and Google are making efforts to go after "fake news" which is basically any news source that leans right and is pro-Trump. This amounts to partisan censorship on the part of these companies.

I wonder when the day will come when I am banned from Twitter or Blogger for my political and religious viewpoints. The Left is angry because their stranglehold on the mainstream media has not managed to deliver Hillary Clinton to the White House. So, they have now turned into thugs and bullies. This is endemic to those on the Left. What they cannot achieve through reason and persuasion they will achieve through brute force. This is why Stalin and Mao killed their millions, and this is why I prayed fervently that Hillary would not win. Leftists are tyrants. They are not for liberty or free thought or democracy. These are words to be used and discarded in their unending quest for power and domination. These people are evil.

I have never been nor could I ever be a Leftist. At the core of every leftist is a belief that they know better than you how to live your life and the desire to impose their ways upon you even if it means killing you. For them, the end justifies all means including assault and murder. These people are sick in the brain.

You can tell a tree by its fruit, and Hillary's loss shows the bitter fruit of these evil leftwingers. They belong to the Devil, and they serve him well. And they will burn with him when their time comes.

2. THE FOUR CARDINALS

The day of reckoning is fast approaching for Pope Francis. Word is that the Holy Father is hopping mad at Cardinal Burke and Co. for calling him out for a clarification and explanation of Amoris Laetitia which made the teaching on communion for divorced and remarried adulterers vague in such a way as to allow it. This is standard operating procedure for the closet heretics in the Society of Judas.

The four cardinals are doing the right thing in the right way at the right time. They are giving Pope Francis every opportunity to clarify the matter. So far, the Pope has been silent. But as Edward Pentin noted on The World Over, his sources say that Francis is furious over the matter and fumes about it.

I am on the side of the cardinals. I think Pope Francis has acted shamefully and deceitfully on this matter. He needs correction. That correction is now coming. I also think a schism is in the near future as people pick which side to support.

Pope Francis is going down the dark path, and he needs to repent. My prayer is that he will repent of his errors and clarify and reaffirm our Lord's teaching on divorce and remarriage. For some reason, I doubt he will repent. It is clear to me that Pope Francis has allowed the hat of the pontificate to go to his head, and his failure to repent will only lead to more darkness and error. I suspect that dark days are ahead for the Roman Catholic Church.



3. SMARTPHONE RANT OF THE WEEK

So, I was conversing with a friend, and he wanted to make a point with a reference on the internet. He pulls out his iPhone 6, and the screen is all busted to hell. Yet, he uses the phone as if this was just a fact of life. I just tried to make sure I didn't get a piece of broken glass embedded in my finger. It also made me grateful for the umpteenth time that I still use the same unbroken flip phone I have kept since 2012 when I bought it.

The fragility of smartphones is my number one reason for not owning one of these ridiculous things. And don't tell me about getting cases for these things. My friend's busted iPhone was in a case. Cases are a joke.

Flip phones will make a comeback. They may have more robust features like smartphones, but the flip phone form factor will return. This is because the clamshell form is the optimal design for these devices. This is why I eschew tablets and smartphones and favor laptops, Chromebooks, and flip phones. You can't walk around with all that exposed glass and not break it. It needs to be covered.


4. THINGS THAT NEED TO BE SAID

Trevor Noah isn't funny. Jon Stewart is missed. And Colbert was funny when he was Stephen Colbert. Nobody wanted the real Colbert. They should give Stewart his old job back.

5. ODDS AND ENDS

--J.K. Rowling is a one trick pony, and that one trick is Harry Potter. She will be like Doyle with Holmes and Fleming with Bond.

--Kanye West said he would have voted for Trump. Fortunately, we didn't need that vote. We don't really need the endorsement either.

--I pray for the election of Marine Le Pen in France. It would be the trifected along with Brexit and Trump.

--I really wish all those people who swore to leave the USA for Canada would skip the inauguration and just leave now.

--Trump should go the special prosecutor route with Hillary. No pardons either. It is not revenge. It is justice.

--Trump should have a better fiscal policy than the crazy idea that he can spend debt to better ends than Obama. We are going to learn quickly that we did not elect a true conservative.

6. QUOTABLE QUOTES

Liberals claim to want to give a hearing to other views, but then are shocked and offended to discover that there are other views.
WILLIAM F. BUCKLEY, JR.

Conservatism is the antidote to tyranny. It's the only one. It's based on thousands of years of human experience. There is nothing narrow about the conservative philosophy. It's a liberating philosophy. It is a magnificent philosophy. It is a philosophy for the ages, for all times.
MARK LEVIN

Never let an old person live in your body.
MICHAEL SAVAGE

Liberty does not exist in the absence of morality.
EDMUND BURKE

Burke, could he see our century, never would concede that a consumption-society is the end for which Providence has prepared man.
RUSSELL KIRK

7. LINKS OF INTEREST







11.14.2016

SOC 9


When you are content to be simply yourself and don't compare or compete, everyone will respect you.
LAO TZU

I hear the question repeatedly. How did Trump win? The media and the Left are still in shock from the defeat, and they still don't get it. I can put it very simply. It became fashionable in the Democrat Party to denigrate working class people. Trump carved out a home for them in the Republican Party. Going forward, Republicans need to keep these people in the party while Democrats need to try and win them back.

The only Lefties I see who get this are Michael Moore and Chris Matthews. They are fools on everything else, but they come from a blue collar place. They get it in a way than no East Coast limousine liberal or leftist Hollywood celebrity will ever understand. This election was between elitism and populism, and populism won. This is because the common man outnumbers the elite, and the elite got too big for their britches.

Donald Trump gets common people. For some reason, he is a billionaire with a blue collar sensibility. The problem is that blue collar people are not necessarily conservative. Their mentality is without sophistication either modern or traditional. This comes from watching hockey games instead of reading books.

As a conservative, I am already over the Trump victory, and I am in my critic's mode once more. Trump is already backpedaling on issues he campaigned on, and I think he will be less conservative than Mitt Romney would have been. People who see hope that Trump will make America great again need to now temper their expectations. The simple fact is that Trump has no deep beliefs except in himself.

The comparison I hear people making is to the Emperor Constantine who was a scoundrel but defeated someone much worse than himself and removed the Roman sandal from the throat of Christianity. That was more due to God's providence than to anything great in Constantine himself. The guy was no saint.

Trump does allow Christians and conservatives the breathing space they would have never had under Hillary. True conservatives need to fight as hard as they can for our issues for the next four years. We may only have two years to pass legislation as midterms will probably deliver Congress back to the Democrats. It's like that Yin-Yang thing in Taoism.

The thing I pray for now is that Trump would nominate Ted Cruz for the Supreme Court. I think many senators would vote for him just to get him out of the Senate. Cruz is the only guy I know who would be as hardcore conservative on the court as Scalia. Please, Lord, let them nominate Ted Cruz.


In the world of entertainment, HBO's Westworld is now a thing. I didn't care about it whatsoever until my brother-in-law insisted on us watching the thing. I can't commit to anymore serial TV shows. I wait until they end so as not to waste my time on a story with a bad ending like The Sopranos or Lost. I understand that Dumas and Dickens both wrote in a serial format, but not everything they wrote was worth the commitment either. I loved Monte Cristo but not The Three Musketeers.

Westworld may turn out to be an epic hit for HBO like Game of Thrones. I don't know, and I don't care. I'd rather read books than watch TV shows. But Westworld is unique in one respect. It has prompted a great deal of philosophical debate about the nature of consciousness. I am going to go out on a limb here and declare that human beings will never be able to create anything like human consciousness. If you believe humans are merely clever monkeys, then it would be possible to recreate something like consciousness. But I believe all human beings have a spark of divinity in them known as a soul. We can never recreate this. Machines will always be machines no matter how clever we make them.

Could we create something like the Terminator? I believe this is possible. These machines will have no soul or self-awareness, but I do believe they will have the ability to annihilate the human race. The irony is that programming will come from a human hand. One of my ideas for a novel is about a misanthrope who programs such a machine and sets it loose on the world as he expires on his deathbed.

From what I can gather about Westworld, they explore the idea of these conscious machines being worthy of dignity such as we owe fellow human beings because of the imago Dei. I have to laugh at this considering that we live in a society that accepts and promotes abortion and euthanasia. Machines can't be human beings in our society because even human beings are no longer human beings. When you hear a guy argue that a pig is more valuable than a baby and defends infanticide, you know our society has lost its marbles.

The real theme in Westworld is that it is the next stage of pornography. Thanks to the internet and computer technology, people are able to indulge themselves in limitless depravity and fantasies of violence. Between dirty movies and violent video games, people can let their worst impulses have free rein. The problem is that it isn't real enough for them. Consequently, sci fi gives us the holodeck on Star Trek and the robot world of Westworld. Implied in all of this pornography is the belief that it isn't wrong as long as no real human beings get hurt. Unfortunately, Jesus disagrees with this. Here are the words of the Lord on the matter:
You have heard that it was said to them of old: Thou shalt not kill. And whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment. But I say to you, that whosoever is angry with his brother, shall be in danger of the judgment. And whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council. And whosoever shall say, Thou Fool, shall be in danger of hell fire.  If therefore thou offer thy gift at the altar, and there thou remember that thy brother hath any thing against thee; Leave there thy offering before the altar, and go first to be reconciled to thy brother: and then coming thou shalt offer thy gift. Be at agreement with thy adversary betimes, whilst thou art in the way with him: lest perhaps the adversary deliver thee to the judge, and the judge deliver thee to the officer, and thou be cast into prison. Amen I say to thee, thou shalt not go out from thence till thou repay the last farthing.  
 You have heard that it was said to them of old: Thou shalt not commit adultery. But I say to you, that whosoever shall look on a woman to lust after her, hath already committed adultery with her in his heart. And if thy right eye scandalize thee, pluck it out and cast it from thee. For it is expedient for thee that one of thy members should perish, rather than that thy whole body be cast into hell. And if thy right hand scandalize thee, cut it off, and cast it from thee: for it is expedient for thee that one of thy members should perish, rather than that thy whole body be cast into hell. 
MATTHEW 5:21-30 DOUAY-RHEIMS
There is no such thing as a victimless crime in Christianity. You can live a perfectly normal life on the outside but be a complete monster on the inside. Westworld shows what human beings are on the inside. Jesus tells us to wash the inside of our cups and not merely the outside. Speaking for myself, I look really good on the outside, but I know what lurks inside of me. Most of the sins I confess now are the ones no one knows about but are in my mind. I don't hurt people, but I still have a desire to hurt people I find despicable. I don't always wish the good of the other. This is sin.

Most of my evil fantasies involve punching people I don't like in the face. That is an improvement over where I used to be. I strive daily to root out this last impulse. If I don't, it will have to be burned out of me in Purgatory or send me to Hell.

I see Westworld as a parable about pornography. Unfortunately, I don't think the producers of the show will take the story where I would take it. I suspect they want to tell a tale about robots gaining souls. I would tell a tale about men losing their souls. Fortunately, I can write that tale.

I struggle to work on my fiction projects because they take so much out of me mentally and emotionally. Writing is hard work, and writing fiction is the hardest writing there is. It was easier when I was writing pulp garbage as an atheist, but it has become genuine labor writing as a Catholic. My old writing was on the level of a violent cartoon. Now, I try and write about human beings imbuing them with as much humanity as I can. Then, there are the themes of sin, redemption, good, and evil. The difference between fiction and non-fiction is the same as the difference between building a real house versus building a birdhouse.

I think I will stop here.

11.13.2016

Trustful Surrender to Divine Providence


Are not five sparrows sold for two cents? Yet not one of them is forgotten before God. Indeed, the very hairs of your head are all numbered. Do not fear; you are more valuable than many sparrows.
LUKE 12:6-7 NASB

Trustful Surrender to Divine Providence
by Fr. Jean Baptiste Saint-Jure & St. Claude de la Colombiere

Part I.
Fr. Jean Baptiste Saint-Jure

The Will of God Made and Governs All Things
Great Advantages Gained from Entire Conformity to the Divine Will
The Practice of Conformity to the Will of God

Part II.
St. Claude de la Colombiere

Trustful Surrender to Divine Providence
Exercise of Conformity to Divine Providence




I. THE WILL OF GOD MADE AND GOVERNS ALL THINGS
by Fr. Jean Baptiste Saint-Jure

1. God controls all events, whether good or bad
How can God will or allow evil?
Practical examples

2. God does everything with supreme wisdom
Trials and punishments are blessings from God and proof of His mercy
Our trials are never greater than our strength to bear them

Treating of the Will of God St. Thomas, following St. Augustine, teaches that it is the cause of all that exists. (1) The Psalmist tells us that "all that the Lord wills He does in
heaven and on earth, in the seas and in all the deeps." (2) Again in the Book of the Apocalypse it is written: "Worthy art thou, O Lord our God, to receive glory and honor
and power; for thou hast created all things, and because of thy will they existed and were created." (3)

Hence it is the Will of God which from nothingness drew out the universe with all its grandeur and all that lives in it, the earth with all that is on it and beneath it, all
creatures visible and invisible, living and inanimate, reasonable and without reason, from the highest to the lowest.

If God then has produced all these things, as St. Paul says, according to the purpose of His will, (4) is it not supremely right and reasonable as well as absolutely necessary
that they should be preserved and governed by Him according to the counsel of His will? And how could a thing remain, unless you willed it; or be preserved, had it not
been called forth by you? (5)

But the works of God are perfect it is written in the Canticle of Moses. (6) They are so well done that God Himself, whose judgment is strict and righteous, found when He
had created them that they were good and very good. (7) It is quite obvious that He who hath founded the earth by wisdom and hath established the heavens by
understanding (8) could not show less perfection in governing His works than in creating them. So, as He is careful to remind us, if his Providence continues to have care of
all things, (9) it is in measure and number and weight, (10) it is with justice and mercy. (11) Neither can any man say to Him, Why dost thou so? (12) For if He assigns to
His creatures the end that He wills, and chooses the means which seem good to Him to lead them to it, the end He assigns them must be good and wise, nor can He direct
them towards their end other than by good and wise means. Therefore do not become foolish (13) the Apostle tells us, but understand what the will of the Lord is, so that
doing it you may receive the promise, (14) that is to say eternal happiness, for it is written the world with its lust is passing away, but he who does the will of God abides
forever. (15)

1. GOD CONTROLS ALL EVENTS, WHETHER GOOD OR BAD

Nothing happens in the universe without God willing and allowing it. This statement must be taken absolutely of everything with the exception of sin. 'Nothing occurs by
chance in the whole course of our lives' is the unanimous teaching of the Fathers and Doctors of the Church, 'and God intervenes everywhere.'

I am the Lord, He tells us Himself by the mouth of the prophet Isaias, and there is none else. I form light and create darkness; I make peace and create evil. I, the Lord, do
all these things. (16) It is I who bring both death and life, I who inflict wounds and heal them, He said to Moses. (17) The Lord killeth and maketh alive, it is written in the
Canticle of Anna, the mother of Samuel, He bringeth down to the tomb and He bringeth back again; the Lord maketh poor and maketh rich, he humbleth and he exalteth.
(18) Shall there be evil (disaster, affliction) in a city which the Lord hath not done? (19) asks the prophet Amos: Good things and evil, life and death, poverty and riches
are from God Solomon proclaims. (20)

And so on in numerous other passages of Scripture.

Perhaps you will say that while this is true of certain necessary effects, like sickness, death, cold and heat, and other accidents due to natural causes which have no liberty
of action, the same cannot be said in the case of things that result from the free will of man. For if, you will object, someone slanders me, robs me, strikes me, persecutes
me, how can I attribute his conduct to the will of God who far from wishing me to be treated in such a manner, expressly forbids it? So the blame, you will conclude, can
only be laid on the will of man, on his ignorance or malice. This is the defense behind which we try to shelter from God and excuse our lack of courage and submission.

It is quite useless for us to try and take advantage of this way of reasoning as an excuse for not surrendering to Providence. God Himself has refuted it and we must believe
on His word that in events of this kind as in all others, nothing occurs except by His order and permission. Let us see what the Scriptures say. He wishes to punish the
murder and adultery committed by David and He expresses Himself as follows by the mouth of the prophet Nathan: Why therefore hast thou despised the word of the Lord,
to do evil in my sight? Thou hast killed Urias the Hittite with the sword, and hast taken his wife to be thy wife, and hast slain him with the sword of the children of Ammon.

Therefore the sword shall never depart from thy house, because thou hast despised me, and host taken the wife of Urias the Hittite to be thy wife. Thus saith the Lord:
Behold, I will raise up evil against thee out of thy own house, and I will take thy wives before thy eyes and give them to thy neighbor and he shall lie with thy wives in the
sight of this sun. For thou didst it secretly, but I will do this thing in the sight of all all Israel, and in the sight of the sun. (21)

Later when the Jews by their iniquities had grievously offended Him and provoked His wrath, He says: The Assyrian is the rod and the staff of My anger, and My
indignation is in his hands. I will send him to the deceitful nation, and I will give him charge against the people of my wrath, to take away the spoils, and to lay hold on
the prey, and to tread them down like the mire of the streets. (22)

Could God more openly declare Himself to be responsible for the evils that Absalom caused his father and the King of Assyria the Jews? It would be easy to find other
instances but these are enough. Let us conclude then with St. Augustine: "All that happens to us in this world against our will (whether due to men or to other causes)
happens to us only by the will of God, by the disposal of Providence, by His orders and under His guidance; and if from the frailty of our understanding we cannot grasp the
reason for some event, let us attribute it to divine Providence, show Him respect by accepting it from His hand, believe firmly that He does not send it us without cause."

Replying to the murmurs and complaints of the Jews who attributed their captivity and sufferings to misfortune and causes other than the will of God, the prophet Jeremias
says to them: Who is he that hath commanded a thing to be done, when the Lord commandeth it not? Do not both evil and good proceed out of the mouth of the Highest?
Why doth a living man murmur, a man suffering for his sins? Let us search our ways, and seek, and return to the Lord. Let us lift up our hearts with our hands to the Lord
in the heavens, saying, We have done wickedly and provoked thee to wrath; therefore thou art inexorable. (23)

Are not these words clear enough? We should take them to heart for our own good. Let us be careful to attribute everything to the will of God and believe that all is guided
by His paternal hand.

HOW CAN GOD WILL OR ALLOW EVIL?

However, you will perhaps now say, there is sinfulness in all these actions. How then can God will them and take part in them if He is all-holy and can have nothing in
common with sin?

God indeed is not and cannot be the author of sin. But it must be remembered that in every sin there are two parts to be distinguished, one natural and the other moral. Thus,
in the action of the man you think you have a grievance against there is, for example, the movement of the arm that strikes you or the tongue that offends you, and the
movement of the will that turns aside from right reason and the law of God. The physical action of the arm or the tongue, like all natural things, is quite good in itself and
there is nothing to prevent its being produced with and by God's cooperation. What is evil, what God could not cooperate with, is the sinful intention which the will of man
contributes to the act.

When a man walks with a crippled leg the movement he makes comes both from the soul and the leg, but the defect which causes him to walk badly is only in the leg. In the
same way all evil actions must be attributed to God and to man in so far as they are natural, physical acts, but they can be attributed only to the will of man in so far as they
are sinful and blameworthy.

If then someone strikes you or slanders you, as the movement of the arm or tongue is in no way a sin, God can very well be, and actually is, the author of it; for existence
and movement in man not less than in any other creature proceed not from himself but from God, who acts in him and by him. For in Him says St. Paul, we live and move
and have our being. (24) As for the malice of the intention, it proceeds entirely from man and in it alone is the sinfulness in which God has no share but which He yet
permits in order not to interfere with our freedom of will. Moreover, when God cooperates with the person who attacks or robs you, He doubtless intends to deprive you of
health or goods because you are making a wrong use of them and they will be harmful to your soul. But He does not intend that the attacker or robber should take them
from you by a sin. That is the part of human malice, not God's design.

An example may make the matter clearer. A criminal is condemned to death by fair trial. But the executioner happens to be a personal enemy of his, and instead of carrying
out the judge's sentence as a duty, he does so in a spirit of hate and revenge. Obviously the judge has no share in the executioner's sin. The will and intention of the judge is
not that this sin should he committed, but that justice should take its course and the criminal be punished.

In the same way God has no share at all in the wickedness of the man who strikes or robs you. That is something particular to the man himself. God, as we have said, wishes
to make you see your own faults, to humble you, deprive you of what you possess, in order to free you from vice and lead you to virtue; but this good and merciful design,
which He could carry out in numerous other ways without any sin being involved, has nothing in common with the sin of the man who acts as His instrument. And in fact it
is not this man's evil intention or sin that causes you to suffer, humiliates or impoverishes you, but the loss of your well being, your good name or your possessions. The sin
harms only the person who is guilty of it. This is the way we ought to separate the good from the evil in events of this kind, and distinguish what God operates through men
from what men add to the act by their own will.

PRACTICAL EXAMPLES

St. Gregory sets the same truth before us in another light. A doctor, he says orders leeches to be applied. While these small creatures are drawing blood from the patient
their only aim is to gorge themselves and suck up as much of it as they can. The doctor's only intention is to have the impure blood drawn from the patient and to cure him
in this manner. There is therefore no relation between the insatiable greed of the leeches and the intelligent purpose of the doctor in using them. The patient himself does not
protest at their use. He does not regard the leeches as evildoers. Rather he tries to overcome the repugnance the sight of their ugliness causes and help them in their action,
in the knowledge that the doctor has judged it useful for his health.

God makes use of men as the doctor does of leeches. Neither should we then stop to consider the evilness of those to whom God gives power to act on us or be grieved at
their wicked intentions, and we should keep ourselves from feelings of aversion towards them. Whatever their particular views may be, in regard to us they are only
instruments of well being, guided by the hand of an all-good, all-wise, all-powerful God who will allow them to act on us only in so far as is of use to us. It is in our interest
to welcome instead of trying to repel their assaults, as in very truth they come from God. And it is the same with all creatures of whatever kind. Not one of them could act
upon us unless the power were given it from above.

This truth has always been familiar to the minds of those truly enlightened by God. We have a celebrated example in Job. He loses his children and his possessions; he falls
from the height of fortune to the depths of poverty. And he says The Lord gave and the Lord hath taken away. As it hath pleased the Lord, so is it done. Blessed be the
name of the Lord. (25) "Note" observes St. Augustine "Job does not say 'The Lord gave and the devil hath taken away' but says, wise that he is, 'The Lord gave me my
children and my possessions, and it is He who has taken them away; it has been done as it has pleased the Lord.'"

The example of Joseph is no less instructive. His brothers had sold him into slavery from malice and for a wicked purpose, and nevertheless the holy patriarch insists on
attributing all to God's providence. God sent me, he says, before you into Egypt to save life. . . . God sent me before you to preserve a remnant for you in the land, and to
deliver you in striking way. Not you but God sent me here, and made me a father to Pharaoh, lord of all his house, and ruler over the land of Egypt. (26)

Let us now listen to Our Savior himself who came down from heaven to teach us by His word and example. In an excess of zeal Peter tries to turn Him aside from His
purpose of submitting to His passion and prevent the soldiers laying their hands on Him. But Jesus said to him: Shall I not drink the cup that the Father has given me? (27)

In fact He attributed the suffering and ignominy of His passion not to the Jews who accused him, not to Judas who betrayed Him, nor to Pilate who condemned Him, nor to
the soldiers who ill-treated and crucified Him, nor to the devil who incited them all, though they were the immediate causes of His sufferings, but to God, and to God not
considered as a strict judge but as a loving and beloved Father. Let us never then attribute our losses, our disappointments, our afflictions, our humiliations to the devil or to
men, but to God as their real source. "To act otherwise" says St. Dorothy, "would be to do the same as a dog who vents his anger on the stone instead of putting the blame
on the hand that threw it at him." So let us be careful not to say 'So-and-so is the cause of my misfortune.' Your misfortunes are the work not of this or that person but of
God. And what should give you reassurance is that God, the sovereign good, is guided in all His actions by His most profound wisdom for holy and supernatural purposes.

2. GOD DOES EVERYTHING WITH SUPREME WISDOM

All wisdom comes from the Lord God we find in the Book of Ecclesiasticus, and with him it remains forever, and is before all time . . . and he has poured her forth upon all
his works. (28) How manifold are your works, O Lord! exclaims the Psalmist, In wisdom thou hast wrought them all. (29) It could not be otherwise, for God, being infinite
wisdom and acting by Himself, cannot act except in an infinitely wise manner.

For this reason many of the Doctors of the Church hold that, having regard to the circumstances, His works are so perfect that they could not be more so, and so good that
they could not be better. 'We ought then' says St. Basil, 'to ponder well on this thought, that we are the work of a good Workman, and that He dispenses and distributes to us
all things great and small with the wisest providence, so that there is nothing had, nothing that could even be conceived better.' The works of the Lord are great the Psalmist
again says, exquisite in all their delights. (30) His wisdom is especially shown in the right proportion between the means He employs and the end He has in view. She
reaches from end to end mightily and governs all things well. (31) She (Wisdom) governs men with admirable order, she leads them to their happiness mightily but without
violence or constraint, with sweetness and not only with sweetness, but still more with circumspection.

But though you have might at your disposal, says the Sage, you judge with clemency, and with much lenience you govern us. (32) You are endowed with an infinite strength
that nothing can resist but with us you do not use the absolute power of your sovereign authority. You treat us with extreme condescension and adapting yourself to the
weakness of nature, design to place each one of us in the best and most suitable situation for working out our salvation. You dispose of us with great favor as persons who at
your living image and of noble origin and who, because of their condition, are not to be ordered in the voice of a master as if they were slaves, but with care and
consideration. You treat us with the same circumspection as one handles a vase of precious crystal or fragile pottery for fear of breaking it. When it is necessary for our
good for you to afflict us or send us some illness or make us suffer some loss or pain, you always do so with a certain respect and a kind of deference. As a surgeon who has
to operate on a person of importance takes extra care to cause him as little suffering as possible and only what is strictly necessary for his recovery, or as a father unwillingly
punishes a son he loves dearly only because he is obliged to do so for his son's good, so God treats us as noble beings for whom He has the highest regard, or as beloved
children whom he chastises because he loves them. (33)

TRIALS AND PUNISHMENTS ARE BLESSINGS FROM GOD AND PROOF OF HIS MERCY

Looking, St. Paul tells us, towards the author and finisher of faith, Jesus (the only begotten and beloved Son in whom the Father is well pleased) .... Consider then Him
Who endured such opposition from sinners against Himself, so that you may not grow weary and lose heart. For you have not yet resisted unto blood (as He did) in the
struggle with sin, and you have forgotten the exhortation that is addressed to you as sons, saying, My son, neglect not the discipline of the Lord, neither be thou weary
when thou art rebuked by Him. For whom the Lord loves He chastises, and He scourges every son whom He receives. Continue under discipline, for God deals with you
as with sons; for what son is there whom his father does not correct? (34) In short, the purpose for which God acts is a high and holy one, His own glory and the good of
His creatures. Infinitely good -- Goodness itself -- He seeks to make them all perfect by drawing them towards Him and making them sharers in His divinity as far as they
are capable. But because of the close ties He has established with us by the union of our nature with His in the person of his Son, we in a still more special manner are the
object of His benevolence and tender care. A glove is not more fitted to a hand or a sword to a scabbard than what He does and ordains in us and for us is suited to our
strength and capabilities, so that everything may serve to our advantage and perfection if we but cooperate with the designs of his providence.

OUR TRIALS ARE NEVER GREATER THAN OUR STRENGTH TO BEAR THEM

Do not let ourselves be troubled when we are sometimes beset by adversity, for we know that it is meant for our spiritual welfare and carefully proportioned to our needs,
and that a limit has been set to it by the wisdom of the same God who has set a bound to the ocean. Sometimes it might seem as if the sea in its fury would overflow and
flood the land, but it respects the limits of its shore and its waves break upon the yielding sand. There is no tribulation or temptation whose limits God has not appointed so
as to serve not for our destruction but for our salvation. God is faithful says the Apostle, and will not permit you to be tempted (or afflicted) beyond your strength, (35) but
it is necessary for you to be so, since through many tribulations we must enter the kingdom of God (36) in the steps of our Redeemer who said of Himself, Did not the
Christ have to suffer all these things before entering into His glory? (37) If you refused to accept these tribulations you would be acting against your best interests. You
are like a block of marble in the hands of the sculptor. The sculptor must chip, hew and smooth it to make it into a statue that is a work of art. God wishes to make us the
living image of Himself. All we need to think of is to keep still in His hands while He works on us, and we can rest assured that the chisel will never strike the slightest
blow that is not needed for His purposes and our sanctification; for, as St. Paul says, the will of God is your sanctification. (38)

THE GREAT ADVANTAGES TO BE GAINED FROM ENTIRE CONFORMITY TO THE DIVINE WILL

1. Man sanctifies himself by this conformity

2. Conformity to God's will makes us happy in this life as well

Our sanctification is God's aim in all His dealings with us. What would He not do for His own honor and our good if we would only let Him! The heavens make no resistance
to the spirits that guide them and their motion is magnificent, orderly and useful; they declare aloud the glory of God and preserve order in the universe by their influence
and the invariable succession of day and night. If they resisted this guidance and instead of following the motion set for them they followed a different one, they would soon
fall into the utmost confusion and destroy the world. It is the same when the will of man lets itself be guided by God's will. Then all that is in this microcosm, this "little
world," all the faculties of the soul and members of the body are in the most perfect harmony and regular motion. But man quickly loses all these advantages and falls into
the utmost confusion once he opposes his will to God's and turns aside from it.

1. MAN SANCTIFIES HIMSELF BY THIS CONFORMITY

In what does the sanctification of man and his perfection consist? "Some" says St. Francis of Sales "place it in austerity, others in giving to charity, others in frequenting the
sacraments, others in prayer. But for my part I know no other perfection than lovingGod with all one's heart. Without this love all the virtues are only a heap of stones." The
truth of this cannot be doubted. The Scriptures are full of it. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with thy whole heart, thy whole soul and thy whole mind. This is the greatest
and the first commandment Our Lord tells us. (39) And St. Paul: Above all these things have charity, which is the bond of perfection. (40)

In the same way that virtue is ennobled and perfected by the love of God, "so likewise" says Rodriguez following St. Chrysostom, "the highest, purest and most excellent
part of this love is absolute conformity to the divine will and having in all things no other will but God's." For, as theologians teach with Pseudo-Dionysius and St. Jerome,
"the chief effect of love is to unite the hearts of those who love each other so that they have the same will." Hence the more we submit to God's designs for us, the more we
advance towards perfection. When we resist we go backwards.
"Whoever makes a habit of prayer" says the great St. Teresa of Avila, "should think only of doing everything to conform his will to God's. Be assured that in this conformity
consists the highest perfection we can attain, and those who practice it with the greatest care will be favored by God's greatest gift and will make the quickest progress in the
interior life. Do not imagine there are other secrets. All our good consists in this."

It is related of Blessed Stephanie of Soncino, a Dominican nun, that she was one day carried in spirit to Heaven to see the happiness of the saints. She saw their souls
mingling with the choirs of angels according to each one's degree of merit, and noticed among the Seraphim several persons she had known before their deaths. Having
asked why these souls were raised to such a high degree of glory, she was told it was because of the conformity and perfect union of their will with God's while they lived on
earth. Now, if this conformity to the will of God raises souls to the highest degree of glory in heaven among the Seraphim, it must be concluded that it raises them on earth
to the highest degree of grace and on it is founded the highest perfection man can attain.

Since it is the most perfect act of charity and the most pleasing and acceptable sacrifice that is given to man to offer to God, there can be no doubt that whoever practices
entire submission to His will lays up inestimable treasures at every moment and amasses more riches in a few days than others are able to acquire in many years and with
great labor. To remain indifferent to good fortune or to adversity by accepting it all from the hand of God without questioning, not to ask for things to be done as we would
like them but as God wishes, to make the intention of all our prayers that God's will should be perfectly accomplished in ourselves and in all creatures is to find the secret of
happiness and content. He fulfills the desire of those who fear him says the Psalmist, He hears their cry and saves them. The Lord keeps all who love him. (41) And again:
We know that for those who love God all things work together unto good. (42)

2. CONFORMITY TO GOD'S WILL MAKES US HAPPY IN THIS LIFE AS WELL

The conforming of our will to God's is not limited to the attainment of our eternal salvation. It also has the effect of making us happy on this earth. It will give us the most
perfect peace it is possible to experience in life and is the means of making this world a foretaste of heaven.

O that thou hadst hearkened to my commandments! God said to Israel, Thy peace had been as a river. (43) Eliphaz, one of Job's three friends, likewise says to him: Come to
terms with him to be at peace... for then you shall delight in the Almighty and you shall lift up your face towards God. (44) It is this that the angels sang at the birth of our
Savior: Glory to God in the highest and on earth peace to men of good will. (45) Who are these men of good will but those whose wills are in harmony with the supremely
good will of God? A will that is otherwise disposed must necessarily be a bad will, incapable of obtaining the peace promised to men of good will.

In order for us to enjoy peace and calm we need to have nothing opposing our will and everything done in the way we want it. But who can expect to have such happiness
except the man whose will is entirely conformed to the will of God?
Remember the former age for I am God and there is no God besides.... Who show from the beginning the things that shall be at last, and from ancient times the things that
as yet are not done, saying: My counsel shall stand, and all My will shall be done. 46 Every will that tries to oppose the will of God is bound to be overcome and broken,
and instead of peace and happiness its effort can only end in humiliation and bitterness. God is wise in heart and mighty in strength. Who has withstood him and remained
unscathed? (47) He, and he alone, whose will is perfectly united to God's possesses the peace of God which surpasses all understanding. (48) He alone can say with God
Himself all my will shall be done, because wishing all that God wishes and only what God wishes, his wishes are always fulfilled and nothing can happen that he does not
wish.

No harm befalls the just, (49) or disturbs the serenity of his mind, for if he has exactly what he wishes, he cannot be unhappy in spite of himself. It is obvious that
unhappiness comes not from what others feel but from what we feel ourselves. Whatever our situation is, we must be happy if we are just as we wish to be. Certainly we
will still feel pain and sorrow, but they affect us only in the lower part of our being without being able to influence the mind. Obedient and resigned to the will of His Father,
our Savior did not cease to be filled with the utmost joy and happiness in the midst of the most grievous sufferings it is possible to imagine.

It cannot be denied however that human nature finds the idea of suffering, humiliation, even poverty, almost incompatible with the idea of happiness, so that it is really a
miracle of grace when we can be happy in such circumstances.
But this miracle always mercifully accompanies the sacrifices of one who seeks to do the will of God in all things, for it is to God's honor and glory that those who give
themselves generously to His service should be content with their lot.
It may perhaps be asked how it is possible to reconcile this with the words of Christ: If anyone wishes to come after me, let him deny himself and take up his cross daily
and follow Me. (50) If in this place our divine Master requires His disciples to deny themselves and carry His cross after Him, elsewhere He promises solemnly to give them
not only life everlasting but a hundredfold all things they deny themselves to please Him in this life. (51) He further promises to ease the burden of His cross so as to lighten
it; for He not only says that His yoke is sweet but adds that His burden is light. (52) If then we do not experience the sweetness of Christ's yoke nor the lightness of the
burden of the cross, it must be because we have not yet made the denial of our will and completely given up our human outlook so as to consider things in the light of faith.
This divine light would enable us to give thanks to God in all things (53) as we are taught by St. Paul He requires of us. It would be for us the beginning of that great joy
that the Apostle urges us to have always. (54)

THE PRACTICE OF CONFORMITY TO THE WILL OF GOD

In the natural incidents in our daily lives
In public calamities
In the cares and difficulties of family life
In reverses of fortune
In poverty and its hardships
In adversity and disgrace
In defects of nature
In sickness and infirmity
In death and the manner of it
In the loss of spiritual consolation
In the consequences of our sins
In interior trials
In spiritual favors

Summary and conclusion

To the question, "In what things should we practice conformity to the will of God?" there can be only one answer: "In everything."

The first thing that God asks of us is that we should faithfully keep His commandments and those of the Church, humbly obey those who have authority over us, and
carefully fulfill the duties of our state.

Thereafter we should desire what God does and accept with filial submission all that is decided by His Providence. Let us now see some of the circumstances which may
arise.

1. IN THE NATURAL INCIDENTS OF OUR DAILY LIVES

In a spirit of conformity to His holy will we should accustom ourselves for the love of God to putting up with all the little daily vexations, such as a word said that wounds
our self-esteem, a fly that annoys us, the barking of a dog, knocking into something as we walk along, a small accidental hurt, a light suddenly going out, a rent in our
clothes, a pen that won't write, and so on. In one way it is even more important to practice conformity to God's will in these small things than in larger ones, both because
they are more frequent and because the habit of supporting them in a Christian spirit prepares us in advance and in a natural manner to show resignation when we have to
face serious difficulties.

We should wish with the divine will for heat and cold, storm and calm, and all the vagaries and inclemencies of the elements. We should in short accept whatever kind of
weather God sends us, instead of supporting it with impatience or anger as we usually do when it is contrary to what we desire. We should avoid saying, for instance, "What
awful heat!" "What terrible cold!" "What shocking weather!" "Just my bad luck!" and other expressions of the same kind which only serve to show our lack of faith and of
submission to God's will.

Not only should we wish the weather to be as it is because God has made it so but, whatever inconvenience it may cause us, we should repeat with the three youths in the
fiery furnace: Cold, heat, snow and ice, lightnings and clouds, winds and tempests, bless the Lord; praise and exalt him above all forever. (55)

The elements themselves are blessing and glorifying God by doing His holy will, and we also should bless and glorify Him in the same way. Besides, even if the weather is
inconvenient for us, it may be convenient for someone else. If it prevents us from doingwhat we want to do, it may be helping another. And even if it were not so, it should
be enough for us that it is giving glory to God and that it is God who wishes it to be as it is.
St. Francis Borgia, the third General of the Society of Jesus, provides us a good example in this matter. He was once traveling to a house of the Society when it was snowing
hard and bitterly cold, and his arrival was delayed until a late hour of the night when everybody was in bed and asleep. He had to wait some time before his knocking
aroused someone to let him in, and then to the apologies for keeping him waiting so long in such foul weather he answered cheerfully that it was a great consolation to him
to think that it was God who had dropped so much snow on him.

This practice of conformity to His will is so pleasing to God that it often has a visible influence on the material things of life. There is a story in the Lives of the Desert
Fathers of a laborer whose fields always gave better crops than those of his neighbors. When asked the reason he replied that he always had whatever kind of season or
weather he chose. "I never wish for any other kind of weather but what God wishes" he explained, "and as I wish for everything that pleases God, He too gives me the sort
of crop that pleases me."

2. IN PUBLIC CALAMITIES

We ought to conform to God's will in all public calamities such as war, famine and pestilence, and reverence and adore His judgments with deep humility in the firm belief
that, however severe they may seem, the God of infinite goodness would not send such disasters unless some great good were to result from them.

Consider how many souls may be saved through tribulation which would otherwise be lost, how many persons through affliction are converted to God and die with sincere
repentance for their sins. What may appear a scourge and punishment is often a sign of great grace and mercy.

As far as we are personally concerned, let us meditate well on this truth of our faith that the very hairs of our head are numbered, (56) and not one of them will fall except
by the will of God. In other words we cannot suffer the least harm unless He wills and orders it. Relying on this truth we can easily understand that we have nothing more or
less to fear in times of public calamity than at any other time. God can just as easily protect us in the midst of general ruin and despair as He can deliver us from evil while
all around is peace and content. The only thing we need to be concerned about is to gain His favor, and this is the inevitable effect of conforming our will to His. Let us
therefore hasten to accept from His hand all that He sends us, and as a result of our trustful surrender He will either cause us to gain the greatest advantages from our
misfortunes or else spare us them altogether.

3. IN THE CARES AND DIFFICULTIES OF FAMILY LIFE

If you are the father or mother of a family, you ought to conform your will to God's with regard to the number or sex of the children He pleases to give you. When men were
animated by the spirit of faith they regarded a large family as a gift of God and a blessing from heaven, and considered God more than themselves as the father of their
children. But now that faith has weakened and people live isolated from God, or if they think of Him at all it is mostly to fear Him and hardly ever to have trust in His
providence, they are reduced to bearing the burden of their families alone. And as a man's resources, however ample and assured they may seem, are always limited and
uncertain, even those who are most favored by fortune view with dismay an increase in their family. They regard it as a kind of disaster which fills them with apprehension,
an endless source of worry to poison their existence. How different it would be if we realized God's paternal treatment of those who submit to Him with filial trust! If we did
so we should realize also what St. Paul meant when he said that God is able to make all grace abound in you, so that always having ample means, you may abound in every
good work. (57)

To obtain the help of Providence it should be your aim to cooperate, as it were, with the Fatherhood of God and bring up your children as He would wish them brought up,
especially by showing them good example. Have the courage to lay aside all other ambition and let this be the only object of your care and desire. Then, whatever the
number of your children, you can rest assured that their heavenly Father will provide for them. He will watch over them and dispose all things for their happiness and
welfare, and the more unreservedly you entrust their future to His hands, the greater will be His loving care for them.

Avoid worrying, then, about anything else for your children except whatever may contribute to bringing them up virtuously. For the rest... having entrusted them to God try
to see what His will for them is, to help them along the path in life He has chosen for them. Never be afraid of relying too much on Him, but rather seek always to increase
your trust more and more, for this is the most pleasing homage you can pay Him and it will be the measure of the graces you will receive. Little or much will be given you
according as you have expected little or much.

4. IN REVERSES OF FORTUNE

We should accept with the same conformity to the will of God the loss of employment or money and all other set-backs in our temporal affairs, repeating with faith the
words of Job: The Lord has given and the Lord has taken away; as it has pleased the Lord, so is it done. Blessed be the name of the Lord! What does it matter why those
who are the instruments of your reverse of fortune have acted as they have done? The revolt of Absalom and the curses of Semei were directed against David for a political
purpose but this did not prevent him from attributing them, rightly, to the will of God. The misfortunes of Job were brought about by the devil because he was a just and
God-fearing man. In the times of persecution Christians were deprived of rank and position, despoiled of their possessions, torn from their families, thrown into prison and
sent to execution all for their religious convictions and faith in Christ. Far from complaining, they went their way, like the apostles, rejoicing that they had been counted
worthy to suffer disgrace for the name of Jesus. (58) Whatever the excuse for the persecution you may be made to suffer, and especially if it is because of your religion,
accept it all without hesitation as coming from the understanding and paternal hand of your Father who is in heaven.

It is the same with regard to money matters. You may find yourself obliged to make a payment you consider unjust -- something you have already paid but cannot prove, the
forfeit of a security you have given for someone, or taxes you consider excessive, or anything of this nature. If the payment can be, and is, lawfully required of you, then it
is the will of God you should pay it. It is He who is asking you for the money and it is to Him you are really giving it when you bow to the necessity in a spirit of submission
to His will. Those who act in this way can be assured of His manifold graces. Let us take the case of two persons. One, out of a spirit of conformity perhaps excessive,
perhaps quite unfair, but which his creditor has the power to demand. The other, of his own free choice, gives an equal sum to charity. It is well known what great
advantages, even in this life, are to be gained from giving to charity, but the person who makes a sacrifice of his money not of his own accord or to some one he chooses to
give it, but out of a spirit of conformity to God's will, is performing an even more profitable act. By the very fact that it is against his will, the act is purer and more agreeable
in the sight of God, and if it can be said that from the experiences of all ages charity brings down upon man the abundant blessing of God, it can also be said without
exaggeration that such an act as has been described brings down still more abundant blessings.

5. IN POVERTY AND ITS HARDSHIPS

We ought to conform to God's will in poverty and all the inconveniences poverty brings in its train. It is not too hard to do so if we fully realize that God watches over us as
a father over his children and puts us in that condition because it is of most value to us. Poverty then takes on a different aspect in our eyes, for by looking on the privations
it imposes as salutary remedies we even cease to think of ourselves as poor.

If a rich man has a son in bad health and prescribes a strict diet for him, does the son think he has to eat small amounts of plain or tasteless food because his father cannot
afford better? Does he begin to worry about how he will exist in the future?Will other people think that because of his diet he has become poor?

Everybody knows how well off his father is and that he shares in his father's wealth and he will again have what is now forbidden him as soon as his health is restored.
Are we not the children of the God of riches, the co-heirs of Christ? Being so, is there anything we can lack? Let it be said boldly: whoever responds to His divine adoption
with the feelings of love and trust that the position of being children of God demands has a right, here and now, to all that God Himself possesses. Everything then is ours.
But it is not expedient we should enjoy everything. It is often necessary we should be deprived of many things. Let us be careful not to conclude from the privations
imposed on us only as remedies that we may ever be in want of anything that is to our advantage. Let us firmly believe that if anything is necessary or really useful for us,
our all-powerful Father will give it to us without fail. To those gathered round to hear Him our Savior said: If you evil as you are, know how to give good gifts to your
children, how much more will your heavenly Father...? (59)

This is an unquestionable truth of our holy faith, and any doubt about it, through lack of confidence on our part, can only be blameworthy and an insult to Christ who again
and again made the most definite promises about the matter. Do not be anxious for your life, what you shall eat He tells us, nor yet for your body, what you shall put on.
Look at the birds of the air; they do not sow or reap or gather into barns, yet your heavenly Father feeds them. Are not you of much more value than they?... And as for
clothing, why are you anxious? Consider how the lilies of the field grow; they neither toil nor spin, yet I say to you that not even Solomon in all his glory was arrayed like
one of these. But if God so clothes the grass of the field, which flourishes today but tomorrow is thrown into the oven, how much more you, O you of little faith! Therefore
do not be anxious, saying, 'What shall we eat?' or 'What shall we drink? or 'What are we to put on?', for after all these things the Gentiles seek; but your Father knows
that you need all these things. (60) He has given His word and there is only one condition attached -- that we seek first the kingdom of God and his justice, that we make
this search the one great aim of our lives by bringing everything else into relation with it to make it successful and fulfill our every duty with this end in view. In return for
this He will unburden us of all anxiety, He will take upon Himself all our needs and the needs of those who belong to us or for whom we have to provide, and His care will
be all the greater in proportion to the degree of confidence and surrender to His will we strive to attain.

Do we then for love of Him give up the desire to possess the perishable goods of this world? By virtue of another of Christ's promises these goods a hundredfold, as well as
eternal life, are assured us in this life, and as a result we shall be rich while we are judged to be poor. Freed from the thirst for wealth, from the possession of it and the
burden that accompanies it, we shall enjoy a peace and contentment unknown to those who, appearing to possess riches, are in reality possessed by them and cannot escape
the cares they bringwith them. In this way we shall experience the truth of St. Paul's words that godliness has the promise of the present life as well as of that which is to
come. (61)

6. IN ADVERSITY AND DISGRACE

We ought to conform to the will of God in adversity as well as in prosperity, in humiliation as well as in honor, in disgrace as well as in respect. We should willingly accept
all things as being the ordering of Providence, so as to give God by our submission the honor due to Him, and at the same time attain without fail our greatest good.

When David left Jerusalem to escape the attack of his son Absalom, the Ark of the Covenant was carried after him by the order of Sadoc the High Priest so that it might
serve as a safeguard for the king in his imminent danger and be a pledge of his safe return. But David told Sadoc to take the ark back, because God would see to his return if
He so wished, and then he added: But if the Lord shall say to me: 'Thou pleasest me not' -- I have withdrawn my favor from you, I will not have you reign longer over my
people, I will take away your power and give it to your enemy -- I am ready. Let him do that which is good before Him. (62)

We should say the same in whatever circumstances we find ourselves, and above all take care not to refuse on the specious pretext that we are not capable of such heroic
resignation. God Himself will accomplish it in us provided we do not oppose resistance to His grace.
This is the point of the story that Cassian tells us about the old man who was attacked by a mob of pagans in Alexandria. He remained calm and unruffled in spite of insults
and blows. Someone asked him mockingly what miracles Christ had worked. "He has just worked one" the old man replied, "for in spite of all you have done to me, I haven't been angry with you or the least bit upset."

7. IN DEFECTS OF NATURE

Our conformity to the will of God should extend to our natural defects, mental ones included. We should not, for example, complain or feel grieved at not being so clever or
so witty or not having such a good memory as other people. Why should we complain of the little that has fallen to our lot when we have deserved nothing of what God has
given us? Is not all a free gift of His generosity for which we are greatly indebted to Him? What services has He received from us that He should have made us a human
being rather than some lower animal? Have we done anything to oblige Him to give us existence itself?

But it is not enough just not to complain. We ought to be content with what we have been given and desire nothing more. What we have is sufficient because God has
judged it so. Just as a workman uses the shape and size of tool best suited to the job in hand, so God gives us those qualities which are in accordance with the designs He has
for us. The important thing is to use well what He has given us. It may be added that it is very fortunate for some people to have only mediocre qualities or limited talents.
The measure of them that God has given will save them, while they might be ruined if they had more. Superiority of talent very often only serves to engender pride and
vanity and so become a means of perdition.

8. SICKNESS AND INFIRMITY

We ought to conform to the will of God in sickness and infirmity and wish for what He sends us, both at the time it comes and for the time it lasts and with all the
circumstances attending it, without wishing for one of them to be changed; and at the same time do all that is reasonable in our power to get well again, because God wishes
it so. "For my part" says St. Alphonsus, "I call illness the touchstone of the spirit, for it is then that the true virtue of a man is discovered." If we feel ourselves becoming
impatient or rebellious we should endeavor to repress such feelings and be deeply ashamed of any attempt at opposition to the just decrees of an all-wise God.

St. Bonaventure relates that St. Francis of Assisi was afflicted by an illness which caused him great pain. One of his followers said to him, "Ask Our Lord to treat you a little
more gently, for it seems to me He lays His hand too heavily upon you." Hearing this the saint gave a cry and addressed the man in these words: "If I did not think that what
you have just said comes from the simplicity of your heart without any evil intention I would have no more to do with you, because you have been so rash as to find fault
with what God does to me." Then, though he was very weak from the length and violence of his illness, he threw himself down from the rough bed he was lying on, at the
risk of breaking his bones, and kissing the floor of his cell said "I thank you, O Lord, for all the sufferings you send me. I beg you to send me a hundred times more if you
think it right. I shall rejoice if it pleases you to afflict me without sparing me in any way, for the accomplishment of your holy will is my greatest consolation."

And in fact if, as St. Ephraim observes, a mule-driver knows how much his mule can carry and does not try to kill it by overloading it, and if the potter knows how long the
clay should bake to be suitable for use and does not leave it longer in the kiln than is necessary, then it would show very little appreciation of God to venture to think that
He who is wisdom itself and loves us with an infinite love would load our backs with too heavy a burden or leave us longer than is necessary in the fire of tribulation. We
can be quite sure that the fire will not last longer or be hotter than is necessary to bake our clay to the right point.

9. IN DEATH AND THE MANNER OF IT

We ought to carry our conformity to God's will to the point of accepting our death. That we shall die is a decree against which there is no appeal. We shall die on the day
and at the hour and in the manner that God decides, and it is this particular death we should accept, because it is the one most becoming His glory. One day when St.
Gertrude was climbing a hill she slipped and fell down to the bottom. She was unhurt and began to climb up again saying: "What great happiness it would have been for me,

O Lord, if this fall had been the means of bringing me sooner to thee!" Her companions asked her if she was not afraid of dying without receiving the last sacraments. "I
would certainly wish with all my heart to receive them in my last moments," she answered, "but I much prefer the will of God, for I am sure the best disposition for a good
death is submission to His will. So I desire only the death by which He wishes me to come to Him, and I am confident that in whatever way I die, His mercy will not fail
me."

Even more, it is the teaching of great masters of the spiritual life that a person who, at the point of death, makes an act of perfect conformity to the will of God will be
delivered not only from hell but also from purgatory, even if he has committed all the sins in the world. "The reason," says St. Alphonsus, "is that he who accepts death with
perfect resignation acquires similar merit to that of a martyr who has voluntarily given his life for Christ, and even amid the greatest sufferings he will die happily and
joyfully."

10. IN THE LOSS OF SPIRITUAL CONSOLATION

We ought to practice conformity to the will of God when we are deprived of those exterior aids to our spiritual well-being that He pleases towithdraw from us. For example
a friend or counsellor on whom you rely for help and encouragement is taken away from you and you seem unable to get along without him. There is, in fact, some truth in
what you feel, in that you really need the help of someone, and the friend or counsellor had been given to you for that very reason. But does God love you less now than He
did when He made the gift? Is He no longer your Father? Or does such a Father as He is desert His children? Your guide and friend has been of value to you so far, but is he
the right person to help you in what you are called to do now? Christ our divine Master said of Himself to His apostles It is expedient for you that I depart, for if I do not
go, the Advocate will not come to you, but if I go I will send him to you. (63) Who then can venture to say that it is not an advantage for him to lose a friend or spiritual
adviser, however excellent, wise or holy he may be?

But, you may answer, how do I know it is not a punishment my sins have brought on me? It may well be so, but the punishments of a father become salutary remedies for
obedient children. If you wish to stay the anger of your heavenly Father, soften His heart and even oblige Him to send you fresh graces, then accept your punishment, and in
return for your trustful surrender to Him He will either find you someone to help you even better than before, or He Himself in His goodness will deign to be your guide. He
will send you His Holy Ghost as He sent Him to His apostles. He will enlighten your path and fortify you by the action of His grace.

Let us take another example. You are living a good Christian life in the practice of your religion. You fall seriously ill and cannot frequent the Sacraments or assist at Mass --
perhaps you feel too weak even to pray. But do not grieve. You are called to the honor of nourishing your soul by partaking, with Christ Himself, of a food that, perhaps,
you know not of, and which will be the means of making your illness a powerful means of sanctification. My food He said to His disciples, is to do the will of Him who sent
Me. (64) It is the same food that is offered to you, and note well that it is only by this food that it is given to us to live to eternal life. Prayer itself is valueless unless it is
vitalized by this health-giving food, as our Savior explained when He said: Not everyone who says to me 'Lord, Lord' shall enter into the kingdom of heaven, but he who
does the will of My Father in heaven shall enter the kingdom of heaven. (65)
If then it is God who has placed you in the condition you are in, it is He who dispenses you from the practices of your religion, nay, forbids them. So you should not worry,
but remember that in exchange He expects you to take more care in doing His will by giving up your own.

It is in order that you may make the doing of His will your chief food that the means to do it are so frequently given. How many inconveniences and sacrifices are in fact
imposed upon us by illness! -- plans upset, expense incurred, unpleasant remedies, perhaps, loneliness and lack of care -- a host of large and small annoyances. There are so
many opportunities to say, 'God wishes it so. His will be done.' Do not let any of these opportunities pass and you will be among those souls most dear to Christ. For
whoever He said, does the will of my Father who is in heaven, he is My brother,My sister, and My mother. (66)

Let us take another example. Some great feast-day or solemnity is approaching and you prepare yourself in anticipation of the joyful event. But when the day arrives you no
longer feel the same as you did before. Your fervor has given place to disinterest and spiritual dryness and you are incapable of a single good thought. Do not try to force
yourself out of this state. It has been produced in you by God, and we know that all that comes from Him is good, so it must be to your advantage if you submit to it.

Accept the situation from His hand, endeavoring as far as possible to be recollected in His presence and submitting yourself to Him as a patient who awaits the healing
action of the doctor, and you can rest assured that no spiritual consolation will ever be so profitable to you as the dryness cheerfully born in a spirit of conformity to His
will. It is not what we feel that prepares us for God's grace, but the act of our will, and this act is not one of feeling. It may well be accompanied by pleasurable sentiments,
but this adds nothing to the merit of it. In the sight of God the absence of this sentiment or even the presence of contrary ones which we do not wish to have in no way
minimizes the value of the act itself.

Let us realize this fact, that prayer has no need of feeling in order to be of value. It consists solely in the movement of the will towards God, and by its nature this movement
has nothing to do with feeling. God's grace operates in us in the same way. It may be compared to the effects produced in us by the food we eat. We do not feel the food
inside our bodies while it is engaged in its hidden work of restoring and fortifying; and in the same way Christ, our heavenly food, who is given to us for our spiritual
nourishment, works hiddenly in our souls. But the trouble is we want to feel everything, and when we experience no feeling of satisfaction, we either get discouraged or try
by long and forced prayers to produce something inside ourselves to reassure us. Such efforts impede rather than aid the operation of grace by occupying and agitating our
minds too much.

It is related of St. Catherine of Siena that one day she asked Our Lord why it was that God had so often revealed Himself to the patriarchs, prophets and Christians of early
times but rarely did so in her own time. Our Lord replied that it was because they were devoid of selfesteem and came to Him as faithful disciples to await His inspiration,
allowing themselves to be fashioned like gold in the crucible or painted on by His hands like an artist's canvas, and letting Him write the law of love in their hearts.
But the Christians of her time acted as if He could not see or hear them, and wanted to do and say everything by themselves, keeping themselves so busy and restless that
they would not allow Him to work in them. Note that Our Savior had already tried to warn us against such excess in the Gospel when He said When you pray, do not
multiply words as the Gentiles do; for they think that by saying a great deal they will be heard. So do not be like them for your Father knows what you need before you
ask Him. (67)

11. IN THE CONSEQUENCES OF OUR SINS

With submission and conformity to the will of God we should bear the evil consequences of which falling into sin is often the cause. It may be some indisposition or some
more serious effect on our health brought about by over-indulgence; some sacrifice we have to make because of money spent foolishly for selfish ends; some bad turn in our
affairs owing to impatient or imprudent conduct on our part; difficulty in resisting temptation and leading a good life because of a long habit of sin we have contracted -- the
situation fills us with worry and anxiety and we feel unable to cope with it. God certainly did not wish you should sin, but the sin having been committed, He wishes for your
good that it should he followed by this punishment. Accept it then from His hand in the belief that there is nothing more suited to regaining His favor than your humble
acceptance of it. Then, far from being prejudicial to you, your failures, in so far as they give you the opportunity of submitting to His will, will be as it were a monument to
your perseverance in God's service, and the more numerous they have been, the more glorious will be their witness to your perseverance.

Let us take a practical example. A man has to make a journey on foot. He must go across rough country, he is without food and almost exhausted, so he falls repeatedly. But
he gets to his feet again each time, determined not to give in and, come what may, arrive at his destination. When he finally arrives, is it not true to say that his perseverance
has been all the greater and more heroic in proportion to the number of obstacles he has had to overcome and the falls from which he has recovered?

12. IN INTERIOR TRIALS

We ought to conform to God's will in interior trials, that is to say in all the difficulties met with in our spiritual life, such as temptations, scruples, anxieties, aridity, desolation
and so on. Whatever immediate cause we may attribute to these states of mind, we must always look beyond to God as their author. If we think they come from ourselves,
then it is true to say that they have their origin in the ignorance of our mind, the over-sensitiveness of our feelings, the disordered state of our imagination or the perversity
of our inclinations. But if we go back farther, if we ask where the defects themselves come from, we can only find their origin in the will of God Who has not endowed us
with greater perfection, and by making us subject to these infirmities has laid on us the duty of bearing all the consequences of them for our sanctification until He is pleased
to put an end to them. As soon as He judges it the right moment to touch our mind or heart, we shall be enlightened, fortified and consoled.


Even if we suppose that our disturbed state is the work of the devil, it must still be attributed to God. Does not the history of Job show that Satan has no power over us
unless God gives it to him? When Saul was beset by temptations of jealousy and hate towards David, the Scriptures tell us, the evil spirit from God came upon Saul. (68)
But if the spirit was from God, how could it be evil? And if it was evil, how could it be from God? It is evil because of the devil's evil and depraved will to afflict men in
order to bring them to perdition, and it is from God because God allows him to afflict them in His plan of salvation for them.

Moreover we learn from the principles of our faith and the teaching of the saints that often God Himself by His immediate action withdraws the visible effects of His grace
for purposes in accordance with His wisdom and goodness.
How many persons who have become lukewarm and careless in their duties are roused by the awareness of God's absence and are able to regain the fervor they had lost!
How many more have been led to the practice of the highest virtue by interior trials! Who can measure the degree of heroic virtue saints like St. Ignatius, St. Teresa or St.
Francis of Sales attained by this means? We must consider it the action of a Providence unceasingly attentive to the welfare of His children, who feigns to abandon them in
order to rouse them from slumber or increase their humility, self-distrust and self-renouncement, their confidence in God, submission to His will and perseverance in prayer.

Hence instead of allowing ourselves to become discouraged and faint-hearted under trials which may seem to overwhelm us, let us act in the same way as we do when our
bodies are sick, consult a good doctor -- a good spiritual director -- and applying the remedies he advises, patiently await the effects that it pleases God to give.

Everything is meant for our good, and such trials ought to be counted as special graces from God. Whether or not they are sent as a punishment for our sins, they come from
Him and we should thank Him for them, placing ourselves entirely in His hands. If we bear them with patience we shall receive greater grace than if we were filled with a
sense of fervent devotion.

13. IN SPIRITUAL FAVORS

Finally -- and this is perhaps the most difficult aspect of what concerns the practice of conformity to the will of God -- we should desire virtue itself and the degrees of grace
only in so far as God wishes to give them, and not desire more. Our whole ambition should be to attain the degree of perfection that has been appointed for us, since it has
not been given to everybody to reach the same height. It is obvious that however well we may correspond with the graces given us, we can never equal the humility, charity
and other virtues of the Blessed Virgin. And who can even presume to imagine that he can reach the same heights as the apostles? Who can equal St. John the Baptist whom
Christ called the greatest of the children of men? Or St. Joseph to whom God entrusted His Son? In this we must as in all else submit to the will of God. He must be able to
say of us,My will is in them; it rules and governs everything.

So when we hear or read that God in a short time has brought some souls to a very high degree of perfection and shown them signal favors, enlightened their understanding
and imbued their hearts with His love, we should repress any desire to be treated likewise so as not to fall short in pure love of conformity to His will. We should even unite
ourselves still more closely to His will by saying, "I praise Thee, O Lord, and bless Thee for deigning to show Thyself with so great love and familiarity to the souls Thou
hast chosen. The honor you show them is above all measure, but the accomplishment of Thy holy will is of more concern to me than all the marks of favor Thou hast shown
Thy saints. The only favor I ask is that in no single thing should I ever do my own will and that my will be entirely at one with Thine. Let others ask for what they wish, but
my sole request is that I may wish what Thou wishest and Thy purposes may be accomplished perfectly in me. Do with me, in me, and by me all that Thou wilt without
resistance from me, in time and in eternity."

14. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSION

This submission and conformity in all things to His will is so pleasing to God that it gained for David the honor of being called 'a man after His heart.' I have found, He says,
David the son of Jesse, a man after my heart who will do all that I desire. (69) David, in fact, was so obedient to the commands of Providence that his heart was like wax,
ever ready to receive indifferently any impression from the hand of God. My heart is steadfast, O God, my heart is steadfast, he exclaims. (70) St. Bernard asks why in this
verse of the psalm David twice repeats the words My heart is steadfast, and replies that by this repetition he meant he was ready to accept bad fortune as well as good,
disgrace as well as honor, and was prepared for all that God willed. Let us, too, enter resolutely into the state of steadfastness which rejoices the heart of our heavenly
Father and will be the means of our sanctification, the source of peace and joy in this world and the pledge of our eternal happiness in the next.

It is useful for this purpose to familiarize ourselves with those phrases in Scripture where conformity to the will of God is expressed in the clearest manner. We can say, for
example, with St. Paul, Lord, what wilt thou have me to do? (71) I am ready to do what ever you will. Or with David, I was like a brute beast in your presence (72) not
questioning, and obeying unresistingly. I am thine; do with me according to thy good pleasure. (73) I seek not my own will, said Our Savior, I have come down from heaven
not to do my own will but the will of Him who sent me. My food is to do the will of my Father who is in heaven. (74) Following our divine model let us make our food the
accomplishment of God's will.

St. Catherine of Genoa
Father, let it be so, for such is thy good pleasure -- Thy will be done on earth as it is in heaven. (75) Our Savior recommended St. Catherine of Genoa to pause particularly on these words when she recited the Our Father. We should do the same and often pray God that His holy will may be accomplished here below in ourselves and in all creatures with the same perfection and for the same reasons that the saints accomplish it in heaven.

When we find some difficulty in obeying God or feel inclined to rebel, let us say with David, Why art thou downcast, o my soul? He has given you everything you have, He
has provided everything for your salvation. I will not resist Him, I will obey His orders, for He is my savior and my God; and if human nature refuses to do what He orders,
He is my strength to overcome it. (76) Let us say with Our Lord during His agony, Father, not my will but thine be done. (77) "These words of our Divine Master," says the
great St. Leo, "are the salvation of His whole Mystical Body, the Church. These words have instructed all the faithful, inspired all the confessors, crowned all the martyrs.
Let all the Church's children, redeemed at so high a price, justified without any deserving on their part, learn these words and using them as a safe defense when they are
assailed by any strong temptation, they will resist the attacks of nature and suffer tribulation with courage. In this spirit of conformity to His will we should accept not only
all the incidents of our daily lives but all the inner struggles and difficulties such resignation may cost us, because God wishes us to experience them for His glory and our
own profit.

Let us note here, with regard to the difficulties we may find in submitting to the will of God, that even when our will is firmly decided to submit, and has in fact submitted,
our mind, following its natural inclination, may still continue to reason and argue on the events that are occurring or may occur. We may say to ourselves for example: "If I
were now well, or if I were to fall ill, if I were given such and such a job, if I were sent to such and such a place, if such and such a thing happened, it would be good (or
bad) for me, it would help (or prevent) my plans, I could do this or that as I want to," and so on. Nature tries thus to obtain at least the satisfaction of thinking about and
discussing the incidents of our lives. But we should endeavor to exterminate these remains of our corrupt nature, and just as for the love of God we have forbidden our will
to use its freedom of choice, for the same reason we ought to deny our mind the freedom of discussion and judgment. Let us entrust ourselves totally and unreservedly to
the direction of Divine Providence.

II. TRUSTFUL SURRENDER TO DIVINE PROVIDENCE
by St. Claude de la Colombiere

1. Consoling truths

Trust in God's wisdom
When God sends us trials
Loving recourse to God
Practice of trustful surrender

2. Adversity is useful for the just and necessary for sinners

We must trust in Providence
Unexpected advantages from our trials
Opportunities for aquiring merit and saving our souls

3. Recourse to prayer

To obtain what we want
To be delivered from evil
We do not ask enough
Perseverance in prayer
Obstinate trust

1. CONSOLING TRUTHS

It is one of the most firmly established and most consoling of the truths that have been revealed to us that (apart from sin) nothing happens to us in life unless God wills it
so. Wealth and poverty alike come from Him. If we fall ill, God is the cause of our illness; if we get well, our recovery is due to God. We owe our lives entirely to Him, and
when death comes to put an end to life, His will be the hand that deals the blow.

But should we attribute it to God when we are unjustly persecuted? Yes, He is the only person you can charge with the wrong you suffer. He is not the cause of the sin the
person commits by ill-treating you, but He is the cause of the suffering that person inflicts on you while sinning. God did not inspire your enemy with the will to harm you,
but He gave him the power to do so. If you receive a wound, do not doubt but that it is God Himself who has wounded you. If all living creatures were to league themselves
against you, unless the Creator wished it and joined with them and gave them the strength and means to carry out their purpose, they would never succeed. You would have
no power over me if it had not been given you from above, the Savior of the world said to Pilate. We can say the same to demons and men, to the brute beasts and to
whatever exists -- You would not be able to disturb me or harm me as you do unless God had ordered it so. You are sent by Him, you are given the power by Him to tempt
me and to make me suffer. You would have no power over me if it had not been given you from above.

If from time to time we meditated seriously on this truth of our faith it would be enough to stifle all complaint in whatever loss or misfortune we suffer. What I have the
Lord gave me, it has been taken away by Him. It is not a lawsuit or a thief that has ruined you or a certain person that has slandered you; if your child dies it is not by
accident or wrong treatment, but because God, to whom all belongs, has not wished you to keep it longer.

Trust in God's Wisdom

It is then a truth of our faith that God is responsible for all the happenings we complain of in the world and, furthermore, we cannot doubt that all the misfortunes God sends
us have a very useful purpose. We cannot doubt it without imputing to God a lack of judgment in deciding what is advantageous for us.

It is usually the case that other people can see better than we can ourselves what is good for us. It would be foolish to think that we can see better than God Himself, Who is
not subject to any of the passions that blind us, knows the future and can foresee all events and the consequences of every action.

Experience shows that even the gravest misfortunes can have good results and the greatest successes end in disaster. A rule also that God usually follows is to attain His
ends by ways that are the opposite to those human prudence would normally choose.
In our ignorance of what the future holds, how can we be so bold as to question what comes about by God's permission? Surely it is reasonable to think that our complaints
are groundless and that instead of complaining we ought to be thanking Providence. Joseph was sold into slavery and thrown into prison. If he had felt aggrieved at these
apparent misfortunes, he would really have been feeling aggrieved at his happiness for they were the steps to the throne of Egypt. Saul loses his father's asses and has to go
on a long vain hunt for them. But if he had felt annoyed at the great waste of time and energy it caused him, his annoyance could not have been more unreasonable as it was
all a means of bringing him to the prophet who was to anoint him king of his people.

Let us imagine our confusion when we appear before God and understand the reasons why He sent us the crosses we accept so unwillingly. The death of a child will then be
seen as its rescue from some great evil had it lived, separation from the woman you love the means of saving you from an unhappy marriage, a severe illness the reason for
many years of life afterwards, loss of money the means of saving your soul from eternal loss. So what are we worried about? God is looking after us and yet we are full of
anxiety! We trust ourselves to a doctor because we suppose he knows his business. He orders an operation which involves cutting away part of our body and we accept it.
We are grateful to him and pay him a large fee because we judge he would not act as he does unless the remedy were necessary, and we must rely on his skill. Yet we are
unwilling to treat God in the same way! It looks as if we do not trust His wisdom and are afraid He cannot do His job properly. We allow ourselves to be operated on by a
man who may easily make a mistake -- a mistake which may cost us our life -- and protest when God sets to work on us.

If we could see all He sees we would unhesitatingly wish all He wishes. We would beg Him on bended knees for those afflictions we now ask Him to spare us. To all of us
He addresses the words spoken to the Sons of Zebeedee: You know not what you ask -- O blind of heart, your ignorance saddens me. Let me manage your affairs and look
after your interests. I know what you need better than you do yourselves. If I paid heed to what you think you need you would have been hopelessly ruined long ago.

When God sends us trials

If you would be convinced that in all He allows and in all that happens to you God has no other end in view but your real advantage and your eternal happiness, reflect a
moment on all He has done for you; you are now suffering, but remember that the author of this suffering is He who chose to spend His life suffering to save you from
everlasting suffering, whose angel is always at your side guarding your body and soul by His order, who sacrifices Himself daily on the altar to expiate your sins and appease
His Father's anger, who comes lovingly to you in the Holy Eucharist and whose greatest pleasure is to be united to you. We must be very ungrateful to mistrust Him after He
has shown such proofs of His love and to imagine that He can intend us harm. But, you will say, this blow is a cruel one, He strikes too hard. What have you to fear from a
hand that was pierced and nailed to the cross for you? -- The path I have to tread is full of thorns. If there is no other to reach heaven by, do you prefer to perish forever
rather than to suffer for a time? Is it not the same path He trod before you out of love for you? Is there a thorn in it that He has not reddened with His own blood? -- The
chalice He offers you is a bitter one. But remember that it is your Redeemer who offers it. Loving you as He does, could He bring Himself to treat you so severely if the
need were not urgent, the gain not worthwhile? Can we dare to refuse the chalice He has prepared for us Himself?



Reflect well on this. It should be enough to make us accept and love whatever trials He intends we should suffer. Moreover it is the certain means of securing our happiness
in this life quite apart from the next.

Loving recourse to God

Let us now suppose that by these reflections and the help of God you have freed yourself from all worldly desires and can now say to yourself: All is vanity and nothing can
satisfy my heart. The things that I so earnestly desire may not be at all the things that will bring me happiness. It is difficult for me to distinguish what is good from what is
harmful because good and evil are nearly always mixed, and what was good for yesterday may be bad for today. My desires are only a source of worry and my efforts to
realize them mostly end in failure. After all, the will of God is bound to prevail in the end. Nothing can be done without His command, and He cannot ordain anything that is
not for my good.

After this let us suppose that you turn to God with blind trust and surrender yourself unconditionally and unreservedly to Him, entirely resolved to put aside your own hopes
and fears; in short, determined to wish nothing except what He wishes and to wish all that He wishes. From this moment you will acquire perfect liberty and will never again
be able to feel troubled or uneasy, and there is no power on earth capable of doing you violence or giving you a moment's unrest.

You may object that a person on whom both good and evil make the same impression is a pure fiction. It is nothing of the kind. I know people who are just as happy if they
are sick or if they are well, if they are badly off or they are well off. I know some who even prefer illness and poverty to health and riches.

Moreover it is all the more remarkable that the more we submit to God's will, the more He tries to meet our wishes. It would seem that as soon as we make it our sole aim to
obey Him, He on His part does His best to try and please us. Not only does He answer our prayers but He even forestalls them by granting the very desires we have
endeavored to stifle in our hearts in order to please Him, and granting them in a measure we had never imagined.

Finally, the happiness of the person whose will is entirely submitted to God's is constant, unchangeable and endless. No fear comes to disturb it for no accident can destroy
it. He is like a man seated on a rock in the middle of the ocean who looks on the fury of the waves without dismay and can amuse himself watching and counting them as
they roar and break at his feet. Whether the sea is calm or rough, whichever way the waves are carried by the wind is a matter of indifference to him, for the place where he
is firm and unshakeable.

That is the reason for the peaceful and untroubled expression we find on the faces of those who have dedicated themselves to God.

Practice of trustful surrender

It remains to be seen how we can attain to this happy state. One sure way to lead us to it is the frequent practice of the virtue of submission. But as the opportunities for
practicing it in a big way come rather seldom, we must take advantage of the small ones which occur daily, and which will soon put us in a position to face the greater trials
with equanimity when the time comes. There is no one who does not experience a hundred small annoyances every day, caused either by our own carelessness or
inattention, or by the inconsideration or spite of other people, or by pure accident. Our whole lives are made up of incidents of this kind, occurring ceaselessly from one
minute to another and producing a host of involuntary feelings of dislike and aversion, envy, fear and impatience to trouble the serenity of our minds. We let an incautious
word slip out and wish we had not said it; someone says something we find offensive; we have to wait a long time to be served when we are in a hurry; we are irritated by a
child's boisterousness; a boring acquaintance buttonholes us in the street; a car splashes us with mud; the weather spoils our outing; our work is not going as well as we
would wish; a tool breaks at a critical moment; we get our clothes torn or stained -- these are not occasions for practicing heroic virtue but they can be a means of acquiring
it if we wish. If we were careful to offer all these petty annoyances to God and accept them as being ordered by His providence we would soon be in a position to support
the greatest misfortunes that can happen to us, besides at the same time insensibly drawing close to intimate union with God.

To this exercise -- so easy and yet so useful for us and pleasing to God -- another may be added. Every morning as soon as you get up think of all the most disagreeable
things that could happen to you during the day. Your house might be burnt down, you might lose your job or all your savings, or be run over, or sudden death might come to
you or to a person you love. Accept these misfortunes should it please God to allow them; compel your will to agree to the sacrifice and give yourself no rest until you really
feel prepared to wish or not to wish all that God may wish or not wish.

Finally, if some great misfortune should actually happen, instead of wasting time in complaint or self-pity, go throw yourself at once at the feet of your Savior and implore
His grace to bear your trial with fortitude and patience. A man who has been badly wounded does not, if he is wise, chase after his assailant, but makes straight for a doctor
who may save his life. Even if you wanted to confront the person responsible for your misfortune, it would still be to God you would have to go, for there can be no other
cause of it than He.

So go to God, but go at once, go there and then. Let this be your first thought. Go and report to Him what He has done to you. Kiss the hands of God crucified for you, the
hands that have struck you and caused you to suffer. Repeat over and over again to Him His own words to His Father while He was suffering: Not My will but Thine be
done. In all that Thou wishest of me, today and for always, in heaven and on earth, let Thy will be done, but let it be done on earth as it is done in heaven.

2. ADVERSITY IS USEFUL FOR THE JUST AND NECESSARY FOR SINNERS

Imagine the anguish and tears of a mother who is present at a painful operation her child has to undergo. Can anyone doubt on seeing her that she consents to allow the
child to suffer only because she expects it to get well and be spared further suffering by means of this violent remedy?

Reason in the same manner when adversity befalls you. You complain that you are ill-treated, insulted, slandered, robbed. Your Redeemer (the name is a tenderer one than
that of father or mother), your Redeemer is a witness to all you are suffering. He who loves you and has emphatically declared that whoever touches you touches the apple
of His eye, nevertheless allows you to be stricken though He could easily prevent it. Do you hesitate to believe that this passing trial is necessary for the health of your soul?

Even if the Holy Ghost had not called blessed those who suffer, if every page of Scripture did not proclaim aloud the necessity of adversity, if we did not see that suffering is
the normal destiny of those who are friends of God, we should still be convinced that it is of untold advantage to us. It is enough to know that the God Who chose to suffer
all the most horrible tortures the rage of man can invent rather then see us condemned to the slightest pain in the next life is the same God who prepares and offers us the
chalice of bitterness we must drink in this world. A God Who has so suffered to prevent us from suffering would not make us suffer today to give Himself cruel and
pointless pleasure.

We must have trust in Providence

When I see a Christian grief-stricken at the trials God sends him I say to myself: Here is a man who is grieved at his own happiness. He is asking God to be delivered from
something he ought to be thanking Him for. I am quite sure that nothing more advantageous could happen to him than what causes him so much grief. I have a hundred
unanswerable reasons for saying so. But if I could read into the future and see the happy outcome of his present misfortune, how greatly strengthened I would be in my
judgment! If we could discover the designs of Providence it is certain we would ardently long for the evils we are now so unwilling to suffer. We would rush forward to
accept them with the utmost gratitude if we had a little faith and realized how much God loves us and has our interests at heart.

What profit can come to me from this illness which ties me down and obliges me to give up all the good I was doing, you may ask. What advantage can I expect from this
ruin of my life which leaves me desperate and hopeless? It is true that sudden great misfortune at the moment it comes may appear to overwhelm you and not allow you the
opportunity there and then of profiting by it. But wait a while and you will see that by it God is preparing you to receive the greatest marks of His favor. But for this
accident you would not have perhaps become less good than you are, but you would not have become holy. Isn't it true that since you have been trying to lead a good
Christian life there has been something you have been unwilling to surrender to God? Some worldly ambition, some pride in your attainments, some indulgence of the body,
some blameworthy habit, some company that is the occasion of sin for you? It was only this final step that prevented you from attaining the perfect freedom of the love of
God. It wasn't really very much, but you could not bring yourself to make this last sacrifice.
It wasn't very much, but there is nothing harder for a Christian than to break the last tie that binds him to the world or to his own self. He knows he ought to do it, and until
he does it there is something wrong with his life. But the very thought of the remedy terrifies him, for the malady has taken such a hold on him that it cannot be cured
without the help of a serious and painful operation. So it was necessary to take you unawares, to cut deep into the flesh with skilful hand when you were least expecting it
and remove the ulcer concealed within, or otherwise you would never be well. The misfortune which has befallen you will soon do what all your exercises of piety would
never have been able to do.

Unexpected advantages from our trials

If the consequence of your adversity is that which was intended by God, if it turns you aside completely from creatures to give yourself unreservedly to your Creator, I am
sure that your thanks to Him for having afflicted you will be greater than your prayers were to remove the affliction. In comparison with this misfortune all the other
benefits you have received from Him will appear to have been very slight favors indeed. You have always regarded the temporal blessings He has hitherto showered on you
and your family as the effects of His goodness towards you, but now you will see clearly and realize to the depths of your being that He has never loved you so much as
when He took away all that He gave you for your prosperity, and that if He was generous in giving you a family, a good position, an income and good health, He has been
over-generous in taking them all away.

I am not referring to the merit we acquire by the virtue of patience. Generally speaking, one day of adversity can be of more profit to us for our eternal salvation than years
of untroubled living, whatever good use we make of the time.
It is common knowledge that prosperity has the effect of softening us. When a man is materially well off and content with his state, it is a great deal if he takes the trouble to
think of God two or three times a day. His mind is so pleasantly occupied with his worldly affairs that it is easy for him to forget all the rest. Adversity on the other hand
leads us as if naturally to raise our eyes to Heaven to seek consolation in our distress. Certainly God can be glorified whatever condition we are in, and the life of a Christian
who serves Him when fortune is favorable is most pleasing to Him. But can he please Him as much as the man who blesses Him while he is suffering? It cannot be doubted
that a man who enjoys good health, position, wealth and the world's esteem, if he uses his advantages as he ought, attributing them to God and thanking Him for them, by
doing so glorifies his Maker and leads a Christian life. But if Providence takes away what he has and strikes him down, and in the midst of his reverses he continues to
express the same sentiments, returning the same thanks and obeying his Lord with the same promptness and submission as he did formerly, it is then that he proclaims the
glory of God and the efficacy of His grace in the most convincing and striking manner.

Opportunities for acquiring merit and saving our souls

Judge then what recompense those persons will receive from Christ who have followed Him along the way of His Cross. On the judgment day we shall understand how
much God has loved us by giving us the opportunities to merit so rich a reward. Then we shall reproach ourselves for complaining at what was meant to increase our
happiness, for grieving when we should have been rejoicing, for doubting God's goodness when He was giving us concrete evidence of it. If such will be our feelings one
day, why not anticipate them now?Why not bless God here and now for something we shall be thanking Him for everlastingly in heaven? It is clear from this that whatever
the manner of our life we should always accept adversity joyfully. If we are leading a good life adversity purifies us, makes us better and enables us to acquire greater merit.
If our life is sinful it serves to bring us to repentance and obliges us to become good.

3. RECOURSE TO PRAYER

It is a strange fact that though Christ repeatedly and solemnly promised to answer our prayers, most Christians are continually complaining that He does not do so. We
cannot account for this by saying that the reason is because of the kind of things we ask for, since He included everything in His promise -- All things whatsoever you shall
ask. Nor can we attribute it to the unworthiness of those who ask, for His promise extended to everybody without exception -- Whoever asks shall receive. Why is it then
that so many prayers remain unanswered? Can it be that as most people are never satisfied, they make such excessive and impatient demands on God that they tire and
annoy Him by their importunity? The case is just the opposite. The only reason why we obtain so little from God is because we ask for so little and we are not insistent
enough. Christ promised on behalf of His Father that He would give us everything, even the very smallest things. But He laid down an order to be observed in all that we
ask, and if we do not obey this rule we are unlikely to obtain anything. He tells us in St. Matthew: Seek first the kingdom of God and his justice and all these things shall be
given to you besides.

To obtain what we want

We are not forbidden to wish for money, material well-being and whatever is necessary to maintain us in our position in life, but we must wish for these things in their
proper order. If we want our desires in this respect to be met without fail we must first of all ask for the larger things, so that while granting them He may also add the
smaller ones.

We can take an example from the case of Solomon. God gave him the choice of whatever he desired and he asked for wisdom, which was needful for him to carry out his
kingly duties. He did not ask for riches or glory, judging that if God gave him such an opportunity he ought to make use of it to obtain the greatest advantage. His prudence
gained for him both what he asked for and what he did not ask for. Because thou hast asked this thing, and hast not asked for thyself long life or riches . . . behold I have
done for thee according to thy words -- I will willingly grant you wisdom because you have asked me for it, but I will give you long life, honor and riches as well because
you did not ask for any of them -- Yea, and the things also which thou didst not ask, to wit, riches and glory.

If then this is the order God observes in the distribution of His benefits, we must not be surprised if our prayers have so far been unsuccessful. I confess that I am often
moved to pity when I see the eagerness of some people in giving alms, making vows of pilgrimage and fasting, or having Masses said for the success of their temporal
affairs. I am afraid the prayers they say and get said are of little use. They should make their offerings and vow their pilgrimages to obtain from God the amendment of their
lives, the gift of Christian patience, contempt for the things of the world and detachment from creatures. Then afterwards they could pray for return of health or success in
business. God would then answer these prayers, or rather He would anticipate them; it would be enough to know their desires for Him to fulfill them.

Until we have obtained these first graces, anything else may be harmful to us and, in fact, usually is so. That is the reason why we are refused. We murmur and accuse God
of not keeping His promises. But our God is a Father of kindness who prefers to put up with our complaints and criticisms rather than stop them by gifts which would be
fatal to us.

To be delivered from evil

What has been said of benefits can also be said of the ills from which we wish to be delivered. I do not desire wealth, a person will say, but I would be satisfied with not
having to suffer hardship. I leave fame and reputation to those who want it, but I would like at least not to be an object of scorn. I can do without pleasures, but I cannot
support pain; I have prayed and begged God to lessen it but He will not hear me. It is not surprising. You have secret ills far greater than the ills you complain of, but you do
not ask Him to deliver you from them. If for this purpose you had said half the prayers you have said to be healed from your outward ills, God would have delivered you
from both a long time since. Poverty serves to keep you humble while your nature is proud, the scorn of the world to free you from your attachment to it, illness to keep you
from the pleasure-seeking which would be your ruin. It would be hating you, not loving you, to take away your cross before giving you the virtues you lack. If God found
some desire in you for these virtues He would give you them without delay, and it would be unnecessary for you to ask for the other things.

We do not ask enough

It is clear then that we do not receive anything because we do not ask enough. God could not give us little, He could not restrict His liberality to small things without doing
us grave harm. Do not misunderstand me. I am not saying that we offend God if we ask for temporal benefits or to be freed from misfortune. Obviously prayers of this kind
can rightly be addressed to Him by making the condition that they are not contrary to His glory or our eternal salvation. But as it is hardly likely that it would redound to His
glory for Him to answer them, or to our advantage to have them answered if our wishes end there, it must be repeated that as long as we are content with little we run the
risk of obtaining nothing.

Let me show you a good way to ask for happiness even in this world. It is a way that will oblige God to listen to you. Say to him earnestly: Either give me so much money
that my heart will be satisfied, or inspire me with such contempt for it that I no longer want it. Either free me from poverty, or make it so pleasant for me that I would not
exchange it for all the wealth in the world. Either take away my suffering, or -- which would be to your greater glory -- change it into delight for me, and instead of causing
me affliction, let it become a source of joy. You can take away the burden of my cross, or you can leave it with me without my feeling its weight. You can extinguish the fire
that burns me, or you can let it burn in such a way that it refreshes me as it did the three youths in the fiery furnace.

I ask you for either one thing or the other. What does it matter in what way I am happy? If I am happy through the possession of worldly goods, it is you I have to thank. If I
am happy when deprived of them, it gives you greater glory and my thanks are all the greater. This is the kind of prayer worthy of being offered to God by a true Christian.
When you pray in this way, do you know what the effect of your prayers will be?
First, you will be satisfied whatever happens; and what else do those who most desire this world's goods want except to be satisfied? Secondly, you will not only obtain
without fail one of the two things you have asked for but, as a rule, you will obtain both of them. God will give you the enjoyment of wealth, and so that you may possess it
without the danger of becoming attached to it, He will inspire you at the same time with contempt for it. He will put an end to your sufferings and even more He will leave
you with a desire for them which will give you all the merit of patience without having to suffer. In a word He will make you happy here and now, and lest your happiness
should do you harm, He will let you know and feel the emptiness of it. Can one ask for anything better?

But if such a great blessing is well worth being asked for, remember that still more is it worth being asked for with insistence. For the reason why we obtain little is not only
because we ask for little but still more because, whether we ask a little or we ask a lot, we do not ask often enough.

Perseverance in Prayer

If you want all your prayers to be answered without fail and oblige God to meet all your wishes, the first thing is never to stop praying. Those who get tired after praying for
a time are lacking in either humility or confidence, and so do not deserve to be heard. You would think that they expected their requests to be obeyed at once as if they were
orders. Surely we know that God resists the proud and shows His favors to the humble. Won't our pride allow us to ask more than once for the same thing? It shows very
little trust in God's goodness to give up so soon and take a delay for an absolute refusal.
Once we have really understood just how far God's goodness extends we can never believe that we have been refused or that He wishes to deprive us of hope.

Rather, the more He makes us keep on asking for something we want, the more confident we should feel that we shall eventually obtain it. We can begin to doubt that our
prayer has been heard only when we notice we have stopped praying. If after a year we find that our prayer is as fervent as it was at the beginning, then we need not doubt
about the success of our efforts, and instead of losing courage after so long a delay, we should rejoice because we can be certain that our desires will be all the more fully
satisfied for the length of time we have prayed. If our first attempts had been quite useless we would not have repeated them so often and we would have lost hope; but as
we have kept on in spite of this, there is good reason to believe we shall be liberally rewarded.
In fact it took St. Monica sixteen years to obtain the conversion of Augustine, but the conversion was entire and far beyond what she had prayed for. Her desire was that her
son's incontinence might be checked by marriage, and instead she had the joy of seeing him embrace a life of holy chastity. She had only wanted him to he baptized and
become a Christian, and she saw him a bishop. She asked God to turn him aside from heresy, and God made him a pillar of the Church and its champion against heretics.
Think what would have happened had she given up hope after a couple of years, after ten or twelve years, when her prayers appeared to obtain no result and her son grew
worse instead of better, adding avarice and ambition to the wildness of his life and sinking further and further into error. She would have wronged her son, thrown away her
own happiness, and deprived the world of one of the greatest Christian thinkers.

Obstinate Trust

As a final word I address myself to those faithful souls kneeling in prayer before the altar and asking God for the graces He is so pleased to hear us asking for. You who are
happy that God has shown you the vanity of the world, you who groan under the yoke of your passions and beg to be delivered from them, you who burn with desire to love
God and serve Him as He would be served, you who intercede with God for the sake of one who is dear to you, do not grow weary of asking, be steadfast and tireless in
your demands. If you are refused today, tomorrow you will obtain everything; if this year brings nothing, the next will bring you abundance. Never think your efforts are
wasted. Your every word is numbered and what you receive will be in the measure of the time you have spent asking. Your treasure is piling up and suddenly one day it will
overflow to an extent beyond your dreams.

Consider the workings of Divine Providence and think that the refusal you meet with now is only God's stratagem to increase your fervor. Remember how He acted towards
the Canaanite woman, treating her harshly and refusing to see or listen to her. He seemed to be irritated by her importunity, but in reality He admired it and was delighted
with her trust and humility, and for that reason He repulsed her. With what tenderness does He repulse those whom He most wishes to be indulgent to, hiding His clemency
under the mask of cruelty! Take care not to be deceived by it. The more He seems to be unwilling, the more you must insist.

Do as the woman of Canaan, use against Him the very arguments He may have for refusing you. It is true that to hear me, you should say to Him, would be to give the bread
of the children to dogs. I do not deserve the grace I ask, but I do not ask You to give me what I deserve; I ask it through the merits of my Redeemer. You ought to think
more of Your promises than of my unworthiness, and You will be unjust to Yourself if You give me only what I deserve. If I were worthier of Your benefits it would be less
to Your glory to give me them. It is unjust to grant favors to a sinner, but I do not appeal to Your justice but to Your mercy.

Do not lose courage when you have begun so well to struggle with God. Do not give Him a moment's rest. He loves the violence of your attack and wants to be overcome by
you. Make importunity your watchword, let persistence be a miracle in you. Compel God to throw off the mask and say to you with admiration 'Great is thy faith, be it done
as thou wishest. I can no longer resist you, you shall have what you desire, in this life and the next.'

EXERCISE IN CONFORMITY TO DIVINE PROVIDENCE

1. ACT OF FAITH,HOPE AND CHARITY
2. ACT OF FILIAL SUBMISSION TO PROVIDENCE
3. USEFULNESS OF THIS EXERCISE
The practice of this exercise is of great importance because of the advantages it always confers on those who undertake it devoutly.

1. ACT OF FAITH, HOPE AND CHARITY

First make an act of faith in God's Providence. Meditate well on the truth that God's continual care extends not only to all things in general but to each particular thing, and
especially to ourselves, our souls and bodies, and everything that concerns us. Nothing escapes His loving watchfulness -- our work, our daily needs, our health as well as
our infirmities, our life and our death, even the smallest hair on our head which cannot fall without His permission. After this act of faith, make an act of hope. Excite in
yourself a firm trust that God will provide for all you need, will direct and protect you with more than a father's love and vigilance, and guide you in such a way that,
whatever happens, if you submit to Him everything will turn out for your happiness and advantage, even the things that may seem quite the opposite.

To these two an act of charity should be added. Show your deep love and attachment for Divine Providence as a child shows for its mother by taking refuge in her arms. Say
how highly you esteem all His intentions, however hidden they may be, in the knowledge that they spring from an infinite wisdom which cannot make a mistake and
supreme goodness which can wish only the perfection of His creatures. Determine that this feeling will have a practical result in making you ready to speak out in defense of
Providence whenever you hear it denied or criticized.

2. ACT OF OF FILIAL SUBMISSION TO PROVIDENCE

After repeating these acts several times with fervor, commit your soul lovingly to Divine Providence as a child rests and sleeps in its mother's arms. Make your own the
words of David: I will lie down and sleep in peace, for thou alone, O Lord, hast established me in hope. (78) Or again in the words of the psalm:

The Lord is my shepherd; I shall not want.
In verdant pastures he gives me repose;
Beside restful waters he leads me; he refreshes my soul.
He guides me in right paths for his name's sake.
Even though I walk in the dark valley
I fear no evil; for you are at my side
With your rod and your staff that give me courage.
You spread the table before me in the sight of my foes;
You anoint my head with oil; my cup overflows.
Only goodness and kindness follow me all the days of my life;
And I shall dwell in the house of the Lord
For years to come. (79)

Filled with the joy these consoling words inspire, the soul can trustfully accept from Divine Providence whatever happens now or in the future with tranquility and peace of
mind. Its happiness is that of a child who feels protected and secure. Not that it lives in idle expectation of what it needs or neglects to occupy itself with the affairs of daily
life. On the contrary it does all in its power and employs all its faculties in attending to them well.
But what it does it does under God's guidance and regards its own judgment as entirely subject to God's. It freely entrusts everything to His governance without expecting
any other result from its actions but what is in accordance with His will.

3. USEFULNESS OF THIS EXERCISE

What honor and glory is given to God by the soul that acts thus!
It is a great glory for Him to have a creature so attached to His Providence, so dependent on Him, full of such firm hope and peace of mind in the expectation of what He
will send. His concern for such a one is redoubled, He watches over the slightest things that are of interest to him and inspires those who are over him to act prudently; and
if for any reason they try to act in a manner harmful to him, He prevents them in the hidden ways of His Providence from carrying out their designs and compels them to do
only what is to his advantage.

Thus the Lord keeps those who love Him. (80) If the Scriptures speak of God as having eyes, it is in order to watch over them; as having ears, to hear them; as having hands,
to defend them. And those who touch them, touch the apple of His eye. I shall carry you in my arms, He says by the mouth of the prophet Isaias, I shall caress you upon
My knees. As one whom his mother caresses, so will I comfort you (81) And in Osee: I was like a foster father to Ephraim, I carried them in my arms. (82) Long before
Moses had said: In the desert the Lord your God carried you, as a man carries his child, all along your journey until you arrived at this place. (83) Again God says in
Isaias: You shall be nursed with the breasts of kings, and you shall know that I am the Lord your Savior and your Redeemer. (84)

In the person of Noah we can find a figure of the happiness of the man who throws himself entirely upon God. While the floodgates of heaven were opened and the world
was laid in ruin Noah was safe and at peace in the ark because God was guiding him. Others remained at the mercy of the waters, losing all they had, their families, their
lives. Thus the man who entrusts himself to Providence, lets God be the pilot of his bark, floats tranquilly on the ocean of life in the midst of storm and tempest, while those
who try to guide themselves are in continual unrest, and their only pilot being their own inconstant will, they are tossed about by sea and wind until they end in shipwreck.
Let us then trust ourselves entirely to God and His Providence and leave Him complete power to order our lives, turning to Him lovingly in every need and awaiting His
help without anxiety. Leave everything to Him and He will provide us with everything, at the time and in the place and in the manner best suited. He will lead us on our way
to that happiness and peace of mind for which we are destined in this life as a foretaste of the everlasting happiness we have been promised.

Footnotes

1. St. Thomas, Sum. p. 1, q. 19, a. 4; St. Augustine, De Gen.
2. Ps. 134:6
3. Apoc. 4:11
4. Eph. 1:5
5. Wis. 11:25
6. Deut. 32:4
7. Gen. 1:31
8. Prov. 3:19
9. Wis. 12:13
10. id. 11:20
11. id. 12:15; 16:1
12. Eccles. 8:4
13. Eph. 5:7
14. Heb. 10:36
15. 1 John 2:17
16. Is. 45:6-7
17. Deut. 32:39
18. 1 Kings 2:6-7
19. Amos 3:6
20. Ecclus. 11:14
21. 2 Kings 12:9-12
22. Is. 10:5-6
23. Lam. 3:37-42
24. Acts 17:28
25. Job 1:21
26. Gen. 45:5-8
27. John 18:11
28. Eccles. 1:1,8
29. Ps. 103:24
30. Ps. 110:2
31. Wis. 8:1
32. Wis. 12:18
33. Apoc. 3:19
34. Heb. 12:2-7
35. 1 Cor. 10:13
36. Acts. 14:21
37. Luke 24:26
38. I Thessalonians 4:3
39. Matt. 22~37-38
40. Col. 314
41. Ps. 144:19-20
42. Rom. 8:28
43. Is. 48:18
44. Job 22:21-26
45. Luke 2:14
46. Is. 46:9-10
47. Job 9:4
48. Phil. 4:7
49. Prov. 12:21
50. Luke 9:23
51. Matt. 19:29
52. id. 11:30
53. 1 Thes. 5:18
54. id. 5:16
55. Dan. 3:67 et seq.
56. Matt. 10:30
57. 2 Cor. 9:8
58. 2 Cor. 9:8
59. Luke 11:13
60. Matt 6:25-32; Luke 12:22-30
61. 1Tim. 4:8
62. 2 Kings 15:26
63. John 16:7
64. id. 4:32,34
65. Matt. 7:21
66. id. 12:50
67. id. 6:7
68. 1 Kings 18:10
69. 1 Kings 16:12; Acts 13:22
70. Ps. 56:8; 107:2
71. Acts 9-6
72. Ps. 72:22
73. id. 118:94
74. John 4:34; 5:30; 6:38
75. Matt. 11:26; 6:10
76. Ps. 42:2
77. Luke 22:42
78. Ps. 4:9
79. id. 22:1-6
80. Ps. 144:20
81. Is. 66:12-13
82. Osee 11:3
83. Deut. 1:31
84. Is. 60:16